Lesja within Oppland
|Coordinates: 62°12′38″N 8°38′41″E / 62.21056°N 8.64472°ECoordinates: 62°12′38″N 8°38′41″E / 62.21056°N 8.64472°E|
|• Mayor (2003)||Per Dag Hole (Sp)|
|• Total||2,259 km2 (872 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,168 km2 (837 sq mi)|
|Area rank||22 in Norway|
|• Rank||325 in Norway|
|• Density||1/km2 (3/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-11.7 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0512|
|Official language form||Neutral|
The Old Norse form of the name was Lesjar (plural form). There are two different interpretations of the meaning of the name. It might derive from læs meaning "pasture", or it is a shortened version of "Leirsjøar" meaning "muddy lakes", referring to two relatively large and shallow lakes which occupied the valley bottom until the late 19th century, when both lakes were drained in order to gain more farmland.
Lesja is highly mountainous, and lies on the east-west watershed, with Lesjaskogsvatnet lake draining both west to the Rauma river and east to the Gudbrandsdalslågen river. The largest part (82%) of the community area is over 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea level, with the highest mountain peaks reaching above an elevation of 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) in the northeast. The most populated areas lie between 500 and 650 metres (1,640 and 2,130 ft) along the Gudbrandsdalslågen river and highway E136. Abundant summer farms (seter or sæter) are situated close to the treeline, both in the main valley and its tributaries. The summer farms were of major importance for farming until recently, but today only few are used in the traditional way, and mainly as grounds for grazing dairy cattle and sheep. More than 400 lakes are situated within the municipality, mainly above treeline. The Norwegian trout is common both in lakes and rivers, even in lakes above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) above sea level. The landscape is hummocky in general, and owes its appearance mainly to erosion by the Scandinavian Ice Sheet during the last glacial period.
Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park
Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park was founded in 2002 and encompasses part of the former Dovre National Park area, as originally founded in 1974. It is 1,693 square kilometres (654 sq mi) encompassing areas in Lesja and Dovre in Oppland as well as areas in Sør-Trøndelag and Møre og Romsdal. It includes the Dovrefjell mountain range.
The community is primarily agricultural. Recent censuses show over 40% of the residents in the community are in farming.
Lesja is located in a mountain region, comprising the south-westerly portion of the Dovrefjell range. It is the site of the Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park, lies just north of Jotunheimen National Park and lies just west of Rondane National Park, so tourism and outdoor sports such as skiing are also important. The Bjorli ski area lies in Lesja.
Since it is located on a pass providing access to the Gudbrandsdalen, Lesja lies on an important trade route used in prehistoric times.
Earliest recorded history
The area is first mentioned in the written chronicle of the Heimskringla (The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway) by Snorri Sturluson. The account of King Olaf's (A.D. 1015-1021) conversion of Dale-Gudbrand to Christianity is popularly recognized. King Olaf's success was short-lived, for in 1029 the Norwegian nobles, seething with discontent, rallied round the invading Knut the Great, and Olaf had to flee. To avoid engaging a fleet of 25 ships, 400 of King Olav's men and 100 loyal peasant farmers from Romsdal built a road up from the Romsdalfjord which passed through the area that became known as Lesjaverk. His men fled along this road and across Gudbrandsdal. There he was not warmly received since he had killed King Thorer of Gudbrandsdal, so he went on to Hedmark. From there he proceeded to Sweden and on to Russia. On his return a year later he fell at the Battle of Stiklestad.
Lesjaverk (The Lesja iron works)
Iron smelting is recorded in Lesja municipality at Lesjaverk (Lesja Iron Works) as early as 1614, when King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway authorized the Romsdal Market at Devold on the Rauma river 4 miles upstream of Åndalsnes. With this change, Molde assumed the role as principal market town for Romsdal formerly held by Veøy. This change was made to provide the ironworkers at Lesjaverk with a convenient outlet for their products as well as providing them a market to purchases goods and food supplies such as stockfish and grain.
Art and culture
Jakob Bersveinson Klukstad (1710 to 1773), who was born in Lom spent most of his career on Klukstad farm in Lesja. Klukstad was the foremost Norwegian sculptor and painter of his generation. His work can still be seen in churches at Lesja, Skjåk, and Heidal.
Emigration from Lesja
The Lesja area in the Gudbrandsdal was source of numerous emigrants to America. According to Du Chaillu, "...during the great famine of 1867; a year memorable in the annals of Northern Europe, when, in consequence of an early and heavy frost in summer, the crops were destroyed, and desolation and death spread over vast districts. The lichen and the bark of the birch tree, mixed with a little flour, became the food of the people after the cattle had been eaten up and nothing else was left. The year following a strong tide of emigration set out for America."
World War 2
After the German invasion of April 1940, while King Haakan and the Norwegian government were moving from Elverum to the west coast, the King and Crown Prince Olaf arrived in Otta on the night of April 13. The prime minister and his colleagues, who were then in Lesja, were summoned and a communiqué, ending "God save Norway," and urging resistance to the unprovoked attack was issued. They now intended to relocate to the west coast, but the Germans had dropped paratroopers higher in the Gudbrandsdalen, at Dombås, cutting off the rail route. It was not until the evening of the 21st that the King was able to travel by road from Otta to Lesja on the east-west watershed and then down the narrow Romsdal to Åndalsnes.
During the war a British fighter squadron (flying 'Gloster Gladiators') flew from the icebound surface of lake Lesjaskogsvatnet. No. 263 Squadron RAF operated with 18 Gloster Gladiator biplane fighters in late April 1940 as part of the Norwegian Campaign.
- Jakob Klukstad (1705–1773), who resided most of his life and died in Lesja, was an artist (carving and painting)
- Edvard Storm (1749–1794), a teacher in Lesja, became a national romantic poet
- Christen Henriksen Pram (1756–1821) was born in Lesja and became an economist, civil servant, poet, novelist, playwright, diarist and magazine editor.
- Jens Holmboe (1752–1804), was born in Lesja and became a government official (bailiff)
- John Flittie (1856 –1913), born in Lesja and emigrated to North America in 1867, became North Dakota's first Secretary of State
- Frederick Delius (1862-1934), summered at the house he built in 1921, Villa Høifagerli, in Lesjaskog, Lesja
- Olaf Heitkøtter (1928- ), who served as a mountain ranger in Lesja, is author of 7 books
- Lars Berger (1979- ), biathlete
- Tora Berger (1981- ), biathlete
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 14.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-04.
- Heimskringla by Snorri Sturluson
- Stagg, Frank Noel (1953). The Heart of Norway. George Allen & Unwin, Ltd. ISBN none.
- Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 2000 (The yearbook for the Lesja Historical Association, 2000)
- Du Chaillu, Paul B. (1899). The Land Of The Midnight Sun. London: George Newnes, Limited. p. 123.
- Greve, Tim; Kingston Derry, Thomas (1983). Haakon VII of Norway: The Man & the Monarch. Hippocrene Books, Inc. ISBN 978-0-88254-812-8.
- Kersaudy, François (1987). Norway 1940. St. Martin's Press, New York. ISBN 0-312-06427-6.
- List of farms in Lesja
- East Norway & its Frontier by Frank Noel Stagg, 1956.
- Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 2000 (Norwegian)
- Lesja og Dovre by Ivar Kleiven
- Setrane i Lesja - i teikning og teks, ( Manors in Lesja - in drawings and text ) by Arnfinn Kjelland, 1988. 256 p. (drawings by Per Einbu).
- Bygdebok for Lesja bd 1. Gards- og slektshistorie for Lesjaskogen, by Arnfin Kjelland, (Rural district for Lesja 1. Farm and genealogical history of Lesja woods) 1987. 634 p.
- Bygdebok for Lesja bd 2. Gards- og slektshistorie for nørdre del av Lesja hovudsokn, by Arnfinn Kjelland, 1992. 736 p.
- Bygdebok for Lesja bd 3. Gards- og slektshistorie for søre del av Lesja hovudsokn, by Arnfin Kjelland, 1996. 800 p.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lesja.|
|Look up Lesja in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Oppland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Norway's National Mountains Norwegian Government's pages on the Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park
- Map of the Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park
- Bjorli ski center in Lesja (Norwegian)
- Map of Lesja from Kulturnett.no (Norwegian)