View of Jaren in Gran
Gran within Oppland
|Coordinates: 60°26′28″N 10°29′44″E / 60.44111°N 10.49556°ECoordinates: 60°26′28″N 10°29′44″E / 60.44111°N 10.49556°E|
|• Mayor (2007)||Inger Staxrud (GBL)|
|• Total||756 km2 (292 sq mi)|
|• Land||658 km2 (254 sq mi)|
|Area rank||143 in Norway|
|• Rank||82 in Norway|
|• Density||20/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||4.2 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0534|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Gran is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Hadeland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Jaren. There is also a village of Gran located within the municipality.
The municipality of Gran was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Brandbu was separated from Gran on 1 January 1897, but it was merged back into the municipality of Gran on 1 January 1962.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 December 1987. The coat-of-arms is red with two gold triangles stretching upwards with a bottony cross on the tip of each triangle. It is meant to represent the spires of the medieval Sister Churches which are located in the municipality. The arms were designed by Kari Ruud Flem from Jevnaker.
The economy of the municipality was in 2002 of NOK 24,098 in free income per inhabitant, and net debt per inhabitant was NOK 41,835 (also municipal economy, not private). Health care spendings represents about one third of the total budget, which is 7.5 per cent higher than the average for Norway.
Gran is part of the Hadeland region. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Søndre Land and Vestre Toten, to the east by Hurdal and Nannestad, to the south by Lunner and Jevnaker, and to the west by Ringerike. Areas of concentrated population include Moen, Brandbu, Gran, and Jaren.
Granavollen is the site of the Sister Churches (Norwegian: Søsterkirkene). These two stone churches are from the Middle Ages and were constructed side by side. The smaller and older is the Mariakirke, a single nave church built in the Romanesque style, built sometime before 1150. The neighbouring Nikolaikirke is a three-aisled basilica, probably inspired by the construction of the St. Halvardskirke in Oslo. It was built sometime between 1150 and 1200. According to local folklore, the churches were built by two sisters. These two detested each other so much they could not share the same church. A more likely explanation however, is that the Mariakirke was built for the local congregation, while the Nikolaikirke was the main church for Hadeland parish. The Granavollen stone is located behind the Nikolaikirken.
Tingelstad old church (Tingelstad St.Petri Kirke) is another medieval stone church. It is a Romanesque stone church, dated to the 12th century and dedicated to St.Peter. This church has survived even though it has not been in regular use for some 140 years.
This is also the location of Hadeland Folkemuseum with a collection of buildings from the area, farm implements as well as a grave mound from the Viking Era and a replica of the 11th century Dynna Runestone (Dynnasteinen). It also holds an archive of photographs and documents.
The following cities are twinned with Gran:
- - Favrskov, Region Midtjylland, Denmark
- - Kungsbacka, Halland County, Sweden
- - Lugazi, Kampala District, Uganda
- - Mukono, Mukono District, Uganda
- - Pärnu, Pärnu County, Estonia
- - Saarijärvi, Länsi-Suomi, Finland
- "Befolkningstall SSB" (in Norwegian). SSB. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (Anden halvdel) (in Norwegian) (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 140.
- "Informasjon om kommunevåpenet" (in Norwegian). Gran kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- "Søsterkirkene". Gjøvikregionen Hadeland Ringerike. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Tingelstad (St.Petri) Kirke". Hadeland Lag of America. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Dynnasteinen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Gran kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gran, Oppland.|
|Look up Gran in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Oppland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official website of Gran (Norwegian)
- Hadeland Folkemuseum (Norwegian)
- Raukr Viking Centre