Beatrice of Castile (1242–1303)
|Beatrice of Castile|
Beatrice of Castile, in Antonio de Hollanda's Genealogy of the Royal Houses of Spain and Portugal (1530–1534)
|Queen consort of Portugal and the Algarve|
|Died||27 October 1303|
|Burial||Monastery of Alcobaça|
|Spouse||Afonso III of Portugal|
|House||House of Ivrea|
|Father||Alfonso X of Castile|
|Mother||Mayor Guillén de Guzmán|
She was probably born shortly before 31 December 1244 when her father, King Alfonso, "with the consent of his father" donated Elche to his daughter Beatrice and all the children that he had with Mayor Guillén de Guzmán. As part of his strategy to reach an agreement with the Kingdom of Portugal on the sovereignty of the Algarve, King Alfonso X offered his daughter Beatrice in marriage to King Afonso III of Portugal. The wedding was celebrated in 1253. Under the agreement, the king of Castile promised that we would cede all the rights he held in the Algarve to the first male offspring of Alfonso III and Beatrice when the child was seven years' old. The Portuguese nobility considered this marriage "humiliating for the King of Portugal",. Much more serious though, was the fact that when the nuptials took place, the Portuguese monarch was still married to Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne who, in 1255, accused her husband before Pope Alexander IV of bigamy. In 1258, the Roman Pontiff condemned him for adultery, demanded that he return Matilda's dowry and placed him under interdict. Matilda, however, died that year and the Pope's threats were left in suspense.
Until her husband's death, Beatrice had great influence in the Portuguese court and supported the rapprochement of the kingdoms of Portugal and Castile.
When her mother died no later than 1267, she inherited her estates in La Alcarria which included Cifuentes, Viana de Mondejar, Palazuelos, Salmerón, Valdeolivas and Alcocer. In the last-mentioned city, she took under her protection the Monastery of Santa Clara that her mother, Mayor Guillén de Guzmán, had founded.
She returned to Seville in 1282 due to discrepancies with her son, King Denis. Before November 1282, already a widow, she showed her monetary and personal support for her father in the dispute with her half-brother, Infante Sancho, later King Sancho IV. A charter kept at the Torre do Tombo National Archive in Lisbon documents the donation made by King Alfonso X of Castile to his daughter Beatrice of the villas of Mourão, Serpa, Moura with their castles and, on the same day, he also gave her the Kingdom of Niebla and the royal tithes of the city of Badajoz. She remained at her father's side and was at his deathbed in 1284.
Beatrice died on 27 October 1303 and was buried at the Monastery of Alcobaça
Marriage and issue
The bride was about 11 years old and the groom was 42 years old. They had the following children:
|Branca||25 February 1259||17 April 1321||Lady of Las Huelgas-1321)|
|Dinis||9 October 1261||7 January 1325||Succeeded him as 6th King of Portugal; married Infanta Elizabeth of Aragon|
|Afonso||8 February 1263||2 November 1312||Lord of Portalegre; married to Infanta Violante Manuel of Castile (daughter of Manuel of Castile)|
|Sancha||2 February 1264||c. 1302|
|Maria||21 November 1264||6 June 1304||Nun at the Convent of Saint John in Coimbra|
|Ancestors of Beatrice of Castile (1242–1303)|
Matilda II of Boulogne
|Queen consort of Portugal
| Succeeded by|
Elizabeth of Aragon
- Valdeón Baruque 2003, p. 25.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, p. 222.
- García Fernández 1999, p. 910.
- García Fernández 1999, p. 908.
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- Livermore 1947, p. 136.
- Villalba Ruiz de Toledo 1989, pp. 319-320.
- García Fernández 1999, pp. 903 and 909-910.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, p. 227.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, p. 228.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, p. 223.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, pp. 222-223.
- Salazar y Acha 1990, pp. 224-225.
- Salazar y Acha 1989, p. 81.
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- Salazar y Acha, Jaime de; Masnata y de Quesada, David (1990). "Precisiones y nuevos datos sobre el entorno familiar de Alfonso X el Sabio fundador de Ciudad Real" (PDF). Cuadernos de Estudios Manchegos (in Spanish). Instituto de Estudios Manchegos (20): 210–231. ISSN 0526-2623.
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