List of consorts of Portugal

Throughout its history, the Portuguese monarchy has had only two queens regnant: Maria I and Maria II of Portugal (and, arguably, Beatriz[1] for a short period of time in the 14th century).

The other women who used the title of "Queen of Portugal" were merely queens consort, wives of the Portuguese kings. Nevertheless, many of them were highly influential in the country's history, having ruled as regents for their minor children and heirs, as well has having a great influence over their spouses.

Elizabeth of Aragon, who was married to Dinis I, was made a saint after there were said to have been miracles performed after her death.

The husband of a Portuguese Queen Regnant could only be titled King after the birth of any child from that marriage. Portugal had two Princes Consort - Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha - both consorts to Maria II of Portugal. The first one died leaving his wife childless, and therefore never became King of Portugal. Maria II's second husband was her consort until the birth of their first child, Pedro V of Portugal. Upon birth of the heir, Ferdinand ceased to be consort and instead became de jure uxoris King of Portugal, as Fernando II. Maria I's husband, Pedro III, was titled de jure uxoris King automatically after his wife's accession, since the couple already had an heir José, Prince of Beira.

Royal consorts of Portugal

House of Burgundy, 1139–1383

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maud of Savoy Amadeus III, Count of Savoy
1125 January/June 1146 4 November 1157 Afonso I
Dulce of Aragon Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona
1160 1174/5 6 December 1185
husband's accession
1 September 1198 Sancho I
Urraca of Castile Alfonso VIII of Castile
1186/28 May 1187 1206 26 March 1212
husband's accession
3 November 1220 Afonso II
Mécia Lopes de Haro Lope Díaz II de Haro
1215 1246 4 January 1248
husband's death
1270 Sancho II
Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne Renaud I, Count of Dammartin 1202 1235 4 January 1248
husband's accession
14 January 1259/1260/1262 Afonso III
Beatrice of Castile Alfonso X of Castile
1242 1253 16 February 1279
husband's death
27 October 1303
Elizabeth of Aragon Peter III of Aragon
4 January 1271 2 February/24 June 1282 7 January 1325
husband's death
4 July 1336 Dinis I
Beatrice of Castile Sancho IV of Castile
8 March 1293 12 September 1309 7 January 1325
husband's accession
28 May 1357
husband's death
25 October 1359 Afonso IV
Inês de Castro
Pedro Fernández de Castro
1325/7 1346
1 January 1354
- 7 January 1355 Pedro I
Leonor Teles Martim Afonso Telo de Meneses 1350 March 1372 22 October 1383
husband's death
27 April 1386 Fernando I

House of Aviz, 1385–1580

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Philippa of Lancaster John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
31 March 1359 11 February 1387 19 July 1415 João I
Eleanor of Aragon Ferdinand I of Aragon
1402 22 September 1428 14 August 1433
husband's accession
9 September 1438
husband's death
19 February 1445 Duarte I
Isabella of Coimbra Peter, Duke of Coimbra
1 March 1432 6 May 1447 2 December 1455 Afonso V
Joanna la Beltraneja Henry IV of Castile
21 February 1462 30 May 1475 1479
Eleanor of Viseu Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
2 May 1458 22 January 1471 28 August 1481
husband's accession
25 October 1495
husband's death
17 November 1525 João II
Isabella of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
2 October 1470 30 September 1497 28 August 1498 Manuel I
Maria of Aragon 29 June 1482 30 October 1500 7 March 1517
Eleanor of Austria Philip I of Castile
15 November 1498 16 July 1518 13 December 1521
husband's death
25 February 1558
Catherine of Austria 14 January 1507 10 February 1525 11 June 1557
husband's death
12 February 1578 João III

House of Habsburg, 1581–1640

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Austria Charles II of Austria
25 December 1584 18 April 1599 3 October 1611 Filipe II
Elisabeth of France Henry IV of France
22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's accession
15 December 1640
husband's deposition
6 October 1644 Filipe III

House of Braganza, 1640–1853

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Luisa de Guzmán Juan Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Medina Sidonia
13 October 1613 12 January 1633 1 December 1640
husband's accession
6 November 1656
husband's death
27 February 1666 João IV
Maria Francisca of Savoy
Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours
21 June 1646 2 August 1666 24 March 1668
27 December 1683 Afonso VI
1668 12 September 1683
husband's accession
27 December 1683 Pedro II
Maria Sophia of Neuburg Philip William, Elector Palatine
6 August 1666 11 August 1687 4 August 1699
Maria Anna of Austria Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
7 September 1683 27 October 1708 31 July 1750
husband's death
14 August 1754 João V
Mariana Victoria of Spain Philip V of Spain
31 March 1718 19 January 1729 31 July 1750
husband's accession
24 February 1777
husband's death
15 January 1781 José I
Carlota Joaquina of Spain Charles IV of Spain
25 April 1775 8 May 1785 20 March 1816
husband's accession
10 March 1826
husband's death
7 January 1830 João VI
Maria Leopoldina of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
22 January 1797 6 November 1817 26 March 1826
husband's accession
28 May 1826
husband's abdication
11 December 1826 Pedro IV
Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg
9 December 1810 1 December 1834 by proxy
26 January 1835 in person
28 March 1835 Maria II
Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
29 October 1816 1 January 1836 16 September 1837
became King
15 December 1885
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Miguelist Queen
Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
3 April 1831 24 September 1851 - 16 December 1909 Miguel I

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1853–1910

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
15 July 1837 18 May 1858 17 July 1859 Pedro V
Maria Pia of Savoy Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
14 February 1847 6 October 1862 19 October 1889
husband's death
5 July 1911 Luís I
Amélie of Orléans Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
28 September 1865 22 May 1886 19 October 1889
husband's accession
1 February 1908
husband's death
25 October 1951 Carlos I
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern
Queen in Exile
William, Prince of Hohenzollern
19 August 1890 4 September 1913 - 29 August 1966 Manuel II

See also

Media related to Queens of Portugal at Wikimedia Commons


  1. Although she is usually not listed as de facto queen of Portugal, Beatriz was de jure queen, acclaimed in several cities in Portugal. Her pretensions to the throne were defeated after the Battle of Aljubarrota.
  2. According to tradition, Pedro I proclaimed Inês as his legitimate wife and queen after her death and his accession to the throne. His second wife, Constance Manuel of Castile, who died 12 years before Pedro became king, is therefore not listed. Neither is the first wife, Blanche of Castille, to whom he was married briefly as a teenager. This union was annulled.
  3. Between 1668 and 1683, Marie-Françoise was married to then Regent Infante Pedro, Duke of Beja, therefore she used the title of Duchess of Beja for a short period; she returned to the style of queen after Afonso VI's death, remaining in that position for three months until her own death in December 1683.
  4. Formally, Adelaide was never queen of Portugal, since she married Miguel after his deposition. She is thus listed here due to her marriage to the former king and their recognization as King and Queen by the Miguelists. She used the titles Duchess of Braganza, as well as Marquise of Vila Viçosa, Countess of Arraiolos, Countess of Barcelos, Countess of Neiva and Countess of Ourém.
  5. The same applies to Augusta Victoria - although she was married to a de facto king, the union was after his deposition as King of Portugal.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 4/28/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.