Wamba is a Spanish town and municipality located in the southeast part of the shire of Torozos Montes, in the province of Valladolid . It borders the municipalities of Peñaflor de Hornija, Villanubla, Ciguñuela, Valladolid (for an enclave of the municipality), Castrodeza and Torrelobatón.
Notably Wamba is the only municipality in Spain whose name contains the letter w. This town is located on the Camino de Santiago de Madrid.
Its name comes from the Gothic King Wamba, who was elected king in that city in the year 672. At that time it was called Gérticos and King Recceswinth had a villa there resting. As Receswinth died in this town, the nobles elected Wamba immediately that day.
Church of Santa Maria is known of the existence of a Visigoth church there, which are preserved remains of decoration in the Archaeological Museum of Valladolid, and it seems likely that during the repopulation of this area there existing church was rebuilt from the times Receswinth and that, by its nature, should be the first Mozarabic church in the area and possibly unlike other nearby places like San Cebrián de Mazote, Wamba was repopulated by people coming from the north and that this is a much closer to the Visigothic and Asturian influences that may contribute to the building Christians who came from Al-Andalus.
From Mozarabic church only triple header is preserved, the first installment of the ships and the entire north wall, while the rest was replaced and expanded in the late twelfth century, when Santa María de Wamba became dependent on the Knights Hospitaller of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem . Its shape was that of a rectangle 18m long by 12m wide, divided into nine areas with horseshoe arches on pillars, to which a header, the same width as the rest of the church, consisting of three rectangular apses is attached , standing in the center headwall that is larger than the laterals. Unlike Mazote San Cebrian of the inner shape of the three apses is rectangular.
In the part of the church rebuilt by the Knights Hospitaller in the twelfth century, Cistercian style, we can also consider a compartment attached to the north transept, of uncertain date, covered by vaults with central column, several paintings and sculptures from different periods and an ossuary in the even that retain some of the thousands of skeletons deposited along the thirteenth to eighteenth centuries.
In the church of Santa Maria was buried the Queen Urraca of Portugal, wife of King Ferdinand II of León and mother of King Alfonso IX of León, who had entered as freira in the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. In the call Chapel Queen is placed an epitaph, after the death of Queen Urraca of Portugal , which is related to that queen, daughter of Afonso I of Portugal and his wife Matilda of Savoy, Queen of Portugal, was buried in this church.
It has a huge ossuary over 3000 skulls of monks. On one wall, one can read the following epitaph: "As you see, I saw myself as you see me, you see all ends here Think about it and you will not sin...."
Gallery of the ossuary
Del Arco y Garay, Richard (1954.) 'XII'. In Jerónimo Zurita Institute. Higher Council for Scientific Research. Graves of the Royal House of Castile. Madrid. p. 168.
Elorza, John C.; Lourdes Vaquero, Belen Castillo, Marta Black (1990). Castile and León. Ministry of Culture and Social Welfare, ed. Pantheon Real de las Huelgas de Burgos. The burials of the kings of León and Castile (2nd edition). Editorial EVERGRAFICAS SA p. 57. ISBN 84-241-9999-5 .
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