Simancas Castle (late 15th-early 16th centuries)

Location in Spain

Coordinates: 41°35′N 4°49′W / 41.583°N 4.817°W / 41.583; -4.817
Country  Spain
Community Castile and León
Province Valladolid
Comarca Campiña del Pisuerga
  Mayor Miguel Fernando Rodríguez Ramón
  Total 42.53 km2 (16.42 sq mi)
Elevation 725 m (2,379 ft)
Population (2010)
  Total 5,291
  Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Simanquinos
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Simancas is a town and municipality of central Spain, located in the province of Valladolid, part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is situated approximately 10 km southwest of the provincial capital Valladolid, on the road to Zamora and the right bank of the river Pisuerga.

View of the medieval bridge over the Pisuerga river as seen from el Mirador.
Doncellas y paloteo, a historical festival of Simancas.

Simancas originated as the Roman Septimanca.

Main sights

Sights include a citadel dating from the Al-Andalus period in the 9th century, a bridge of seventeen arches, and many remains of old walls. In 934 it was the scene of a battle between the Christian troops under Ramiro II of León and the Moors of Abd-al-Rahman III.

The citadel is now the Archivo General de Simancas, sometimes called the Archivo General del Reino, to which the national archives of Spain were removed by order of Philip II in 1563. Their transference thither was first suggested to Charles V by Cardinal Ximenes de Cisneros. The extensive alterations were made by three 16th century architects, Juan de Herrera, Alonso Berruguete and Juan Gómez de Mora; the arrangement of the papers was entrusted to Diego de Ayala.

They occupy forty-six rooms, and are arranged in upwards of 80,000 bundles (33,000,000 documents), including important private as well as state papers. The archives of the Indies were transferred in 1784 to the Lonja of Seville. Permission to consult the documents at Simancas can be readily obtained.

See also

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Simancas.
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