In Somali society, each individual has a given name. Sometimes it is presented along with the father's given name, and sometimes the paternal grandfather's given name is attached as well. For example Axmed Yusuf Qaasim would be a person whose given name is "Axmed", whose father's proper name was "Yusuf" and whose grandfather's name was "Qaasim". Most names are of Islamic roots (e.g. Muhammed, Hassan, Ali, Ibrahim) whilst others are cultural (e.g. Guleed, Ashkir) .
- Bridges, Peter. Safirka: An American Envoy. Kent, Ohio [u.a.]: Kent State Univ. Press, 2000. p. 79
- Lockot, Hans (1998). Bibliographia Aethiopica 2. p. 282.