Pedro de Toledo Osorio, 5th Marquis of Villafranca

Pedro de Toledo Osorio y Colonna, 5th Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo, (Naples, 6 September 1546 17 July 1627), Governor of the Duchy of Milan, 1616 - 1618, Prince of Montalbano, 2nd Duke of Fernandina was a Spanish-Italian nobleman and a Grandee of Spain.

He was the son of García de Toledo Osorio, 4th Marquis of Villafranca, and Vittoria Colonna di Paliano, niece of Vittoria Colonna.

He was Commander in chief of an army in Naples, General of Cavalry of Spain in 1621 . His success in Milan was awarded with the honorable Grandeza de España title in 1623. In 1625 he participated in the successful Defense of Cadiz against the attacks from the Anglo-Dutch fleet under the command of Sir Edward Cecil.

The expulsion of the Spanish moriscos since 1610 increased the Ottoman naval attacks in the West Mediterranean, especially when young Ahmed I became Sultan. Pedro Alvarez set up an extensive defensive engineering program, with Italian engineers working in Italy, Spain and the Caribbean in America.

On 7 June 1576 he married Elvira de Mendoza, daughter of Íñigo Lopez de Hurtado de Mendoza, III Marquess of Mondéjar, 4th count of Tendilla, Viceroy of Naples, 1575 - 1579, a.k.a. Iñigo López de Mendoza y Mendoza, 1512 - 1580), and Maria de Mendoza.

They had four children.

Government offices
Preceded by
Juan de Mendoza, Marquis de la Hinojosa
Governor of the Duchy of Milan
Succeeded by
Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, 3rd Duke of Feria
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
García de Toledo Osorio
Marquis of Villafranca del Bierzo
Succeeded by
García de Toledo Osorio

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