Onésime Gagnon

The Hon.
Onésime Gagnon
20th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
February 14, 1958  September 30, 1961
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Vincent Massey
Georges Vanier
Premier Maurice Duplessis
Paul Sauvé
Antonio Barrette
Jean Lesage
Preceded by Gaspard Fauteux
Succeeded by Paul Comtois
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Matane
In office
August 17, 1936  February 14, 1958
Preceded by Joseph-Arthur Bergeron
Succeeded by Benoît Gaboury
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Dorchester
In office
July 28, 1930  October 14, 1935
Preceded by Lucien Cannon
Succeeded by Léonard-D. Tremblay
Personal details
Born (1888-10-23)October 23, 1888
Saint-Léon-de-Standon, Quebec
Died September 30, 1961(1961-09-30) (aged 72)
Bois-de-Coulonge, Sillery, Quebec
Nationality Canadian
Political party Federal:
Union nationale
Cabinet Federal:
Minister Without Portfolio (1935)
Minister of Mines, Game and Fisheries (1936)
Minister of Mines and Fisheries (1936–1939)
Provincial Treasurer (1944–1958)

Onésime Gagnon, PC (October 23, 1888 – September 30, 1961) was a Canadian politician who served as the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Québec.


He was born in Saint-Léon-de-Standon, Quebec on October 23, 1888 and was the son of Onésime Gagnon and Julie Morin. He was a Rhodes scholar and was called to the Quebec Bar in 1912. From 1942 to 1958, he was a Professor in the Faculty of Law at Université Laval.

Member of Parliament

In 1930, he was elected to the Canadian House of Commons for the riding of Dorchester. A Conservative, he was re-elected in 1935. In 1935, he was a Minister without Portfolio in the cabinet of R. B. Bennett.

Provincial politics

Gagnon was a leadership candidate at the Conservative Party of Quebec convention, held in Sherbrooke on October 4 and 5, 1933. He was defeated by Maurice Duplessis with 28% of the delegates.

In 1936, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec and became the Union Nationale Member for the riding of Matane. He was appointed Minister in the Cabinet of Maurice Duplessis, serving as Minister of Fisheries from 1936 to 1939 and as Treasurer from 1944 to 1958.

He was re-elected in 1939, 1944, 1948, 1952, and 1956.

Lieutenant governor

He resigned in 1958 to accept the office of Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec and served until his death.


Gagnon died on September 30, 1961.


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