Théodore Robitaille

The Hon.
Théodore Robitaille
Senator for Gulf, Quebec
In office
January 29, 1885  August 17, 1897
Nominated by John A. Macdonald
Preceded by Louis Robitaille
Succeeded by Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset
4th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
July 25, 1879  October 4, 1884
Monarch Victoria
Governor General Marquess of Lorne
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Premier Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière
Joseph Adolphe Chapleau
Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
John Jones Ross
Preceded by Luc Letellier de St-Just
Succeeded by Louis-Rodrigue Masson
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Bonaventure
In office
September 20, 1867  July 25, 1879
Succeeded by Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Bonaventure
In office
July 1, 1871  January 7, 1874
Preceded by Clarence Hamilton
Succeeded by Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Bonaventure
In office
Personal details
Born (1834-01-29)29 January 1834
Varennes, Lower Canada
Died 17 August 1897(1897-08-17) (aged 63)
New Carlisle, Quebec
Nationality Canadian
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Emma Quesnel (m. 1867)
Residence New Carlisle, Quebec
Alma mater McGill College
Occupation physician and businessman
Profession politician
Cabinet Receiver General for Canada (1873)
Religion Christian

Théodore Robitaille, PC (29 January 1834 17 August 1897) was a Canadian physician, politician, and the fourth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.[1]

Born in Varennes, Lower Canada, the son of Louis-Adolphe Robitaille (pronounced "ro-bee-tah-yeh") and Marie-Justine Monjeau, he was baptized as Louis-François-Christophe-Théodore. A physician, he graduated from McGill College in 1858 and settled in New Carlisle, Quebec.[2] In 1861, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the riding of Bonaventure. In 1867, he was elected to the Canadian House of Commons. A Conservative he was re-elected in 1872, an 1873 ministerial by-election, 1874, and 1878. In 1873, he was appointed Receiver General.[3]

In 1871, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in Bonaventure and served until 1874 when holding a federal and provincial seat was abolished. From 1879 to 1884, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec. Notably, during his tenure he commissioned Calixa Lavallée and Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier to prepare the music and French lyrics to what would become Canada's national anthem, O Canada. In 1885, he was appointed to the Senate representing the senatorial division of Gulf, Quebec. He served until his death in New Carlisle, Quebec in 1897.[3]


  1. "Théodore Robitaille". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  2. Théodore Robitaille – Parliament of Canada biography
  3. 1 2 "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean-Charles Chapais
Receiver General
Succeeded by
Thomas Coffin
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