Mendelssohn & Co.
It was established in 1795 by Joseph Mendelssohn in Berlin. In 1804 his younger brother Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy joined the company. In 1815 they moved into their new headquarters at Jägerstraße 51, thereby laying the foundations of Berlin's financial district. Mendelssohn & Co. remained in that building until its divestiture in 1939.
Mendelssohn quickly rose to prominence among European banks. Since the 1850s they acted as Royal bankers of the Russian Tsar, dominating the Central European financial market for Russian sovereign bonds until World War I. The Mendelssohn family through the descendants of the founding brothers continued to run the company.
Mendelssohn & Co. survived the financial meltdown of the 1930s comparatively well. Following the death of Franz von Mendelssohn and Paul von Mendelssohn-Bartholdy in 1935, Rudolf Löb was appointed as chairman of the bank, the first non-family member to be chairman. In 1938, under intense pressure of the Nazis' Aryanization policy, Mendelssohn & Co. were forced to hand over their assets to Deutsche Bank, and eventually to shut down.
- Förster, Andreas (1997-10-17). "Das ungeklärte Ende des Bankhauses Mendelssohn". Berliner Zeitung..
- James, Harold (2001). The Deutsche Bank and the Nazi economic war against the Jews. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–77. ISBN 0-521-80329-2.
- Köhler, Ingo (2005). Die "Arisierung" der Privatbanken im Dritten Reich. Munich: C. H. Beck. pp. 244–256. ISBN 3-406-53200-4. (German)