Mattathias ben Theophilus

Mattathias ben Theophilus (c. 60 CE) was the Jewish High Priest (Kohen Gadol) [1] at the start of the Jewish Revolution, and was overthrown by Revolutionary forces.

A minority of scholars believe him to be the same as the Theophilus mentioned in the New Testament books of Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1. One author argues that Mattathias ben Theophilus was the father of Josephus.[2]


  1. Daniel R. Schwartz. Studies in the Jewish Background of Christianity. J. C. B. Mohr. July 1992. ISBN 978-3-16-145798-2; pp 160-163.
  2. Herodian Messiah by Joseph Raymond (Tower Grove Publishing 2010) at pages 214-17.
Jewish titles
Preceded by
Joshua ben Gamaliel
High Priest of Israel
Succeeded by
Phannias ben Samuel
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