Priestly turban

For the helmet cover, see Mitznefet (Israeli military).
The High Priest in his Golden Garments wearing the mitre on his head. The priest on one knee beside him is wearing the conical migbahat.
Another view of the mitznefet.

The priestly mitre or turban (Hebrew mitznefet מִצְנֶפֶת) was the head covering worn by the Jewish High Priest when he served in the Tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem.[1][2]


The Hebrew word mitznefet (מִצְנֶפֶת) has been translated as "mitre" (KJV) or "headdress". It was most likely a "turban", as the word comes from the root "to wrap".

Hebrew Bible

The turban worn by the High Priest was much larger than the head coverings of the priests and was wound so that it formed a broad, flat-topped turban, resembling the blossom of a flower. The head covering of the priests was different, being wound so that it formed a cone-shaped turban, called a migbahat. It was to be made of fine linen,[3] and like all the holy garments, it was to be made by 'gifted artisans ... filled with the spirit of wisdom'.[4]

The priestly crown (Hebrew tzitz צִיץ "blossom" "flower") was attached to the turban by means of two sets of blue cords: one going over the top of the head and the other around the sides of the head at the level of the ears (Exodus 39:31).


According to the Talmud, the wearing of the turban atoned for the sin of haughtiness on the part of the Children of Israel (B. Zevachim 88b).


  1. Jacob Neusner Yoma Page 16 "And he placed the breastpiece on him, and in the breastpiece he put the Urim and the Thummim. And he set the turban ... Then Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and consecrated them.
  2. Chaim Miller The Gutnick Edition Chumash Book of Exodus: With Rashi's Commentary 2005 Page 285 "(It was thus ready) for service (in the Tabernacle) as God had commanded Moshe. 27 They made the checkered Tunic from linen through a professional weaver, for Aharon and for his sons, 28 the linen Turban (for Aharon),..."
  3. Exodus 28:39
  4. Exodus 28:3

See also

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