Küçükmenderes River

Cayster River

Cayster near Ödemiş
Country Turkey
Main source Beydağ, İzmir
220 m (722 ft)
River mouth Selçuk, İzmir
0 m (0 ft)
Basin size 3,502 km2 (1,352 sq mi)
Physical characteristics
Length 114 km (71 mi)
  • Average rate:
    11.45 m3/s (404 cu ft/s)

Küçük Menderes, ("Little Meander"), Cayster River or Kaystros River is located south of İzmir, Turkey. The Cayster generally flows westward and arrive into the Aegean Sea at Pamucak beach near Selçuk, İzmir. The ancient city of Ephesus was once an important port on the Cayster,[1] but over the centuries, sedimentation gradually filled in the inlet around the city. The coastlines moved seaward and the ruins of Ephesus are now some 8 km (5.0 mi) inland from the coast.

The tributaries are the Fertek, Uladı, Ilıca, Değirmen, Aktaş, Rahmanlar, Prinçci, Yuvalı, Ceriközkayası, Eğridere, Birgi, Çevlik and Keles.

Küçük Menderes River is currently located just to the north of the Buyuk Menderes River; in the past both rivers often changed their course.


  1. Willcock, Malcolm M. (1976). A companion to the Iliad : based on the translation by Richard Lattimore ([9th print.] ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-226-89855-5.

Coordinates: 37°57′28″N 27°15′49″E / 37.9578°N 27.2635°E / 37.9578; 27.2635

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