Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic

Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic
Native to Israel, Italy
Native speakers
35,000 (1994)[1]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yud
Glottolog jude1264[2]

Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic (also known as Tripolitanian Judeo-Arabic, Jewish Tripolitanian-Libyan Arabic, Tripolita'it, Yudi) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews formerly living in Libya. Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic differs from standard Libyan Arabic in that it closely resembles the original dialect of the sedentary population, whereas much of Libya's population now speaks Bedouin-influenced varieties of Arabic.[3] A reference grammar is available.[4]

The vast majority of Libyan Jews have relocated to Israel and have switched to using Hebrew in as their home language. Those in Italy typically use Italian as their first language.


In ca. 1994 there were 35,000 speakers of Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic, mostly in Israel (30,000) and Italy (5,000).[5] As of 2014, those in Israel are mostly over the age of 60 and are bilingual in Hebrew.[6]


There were 20,000 Jews living in Tripoli in 1948. About 14,000 migrated to Israel and Italy in 1948-1952, following two riots. After riots during the Six-Day War in 1967, most of the remaining 6,000 Jews emigrated; there were only a few dozen Jews living in Tripoli in 1970.[4]

See also


  1. Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. (Russian) Judæo-Arabic languages. Jewish Electronic Encyclopædia.
  4. 1 2 Yoda, Sumikazu (2005). The Arabic dialect of the Jews in Tripoli (Libya): Grammar, Text and Glossary. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
  5. Spolsky, Bernard (Mar 27, 2014). The languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History. Cambridge University Press. p. 270.
  6. Estimate of mostly over the age of 40 cited from 1994.
    Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).

Further reading

External links

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