Judeo-Iraqi Arabic

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
Native to Israel, India, Iraq
Native speakers
(undated figure of 52,000 in India)[1]
plus 100,000–120,000 in Israel (1994)[2]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yhd
Glottolog jude1266[3]

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (also known as Iraqi Judeo-Arabic and Yahudic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Iraqi Jews currently or formerly living in Iraq. It is estimated that there are 100,000 to 120,000 speakers in Israel (as of 1994),[2] 52,000 in India (no date),[1] and that just 100 to 150 older speakers remain in Iraq (as of 1992).[2] The best known variety is Baghdad Jewish Arabic, although there were different dialects in Mosul and elsewhere.

The vast majority of Iraqi Jews have relocated to Israel and have switched to using Hebrew in as their home language.

The 2014 film Farewell Baghdad (Arabic: مطير الحمام; Hebrew: מפריח היונים, lit. The Dove Flyer) is performed mostly in Baghdad Jewish Arabic, the first time a movie has been filmed in Judeo-Iraqi Arabic.



  1. 1 2 India at Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, & Charles D. Fennig, eds. (2013). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (17th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  2. 1 2 3 Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Judeo-Iraqi Arabic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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