George II of Bulgaria

George Terter II
Еmperor of Bulgaria
Reign 1322–1323
Predecessor Theodore Svetoslav
Successor Michael Shishman
Died 1323
House Terter
Father Theodore Svetoslav
Mother Euphrosyne

George Terter II (Bulgarian: Георги Тертер II) reigned as emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria between 1322 and 1323. The exact date of his birth is unknown, but he was born not long before 1307.


George Terter II was the son of Theodore Svetoslav and Euphrosyne, and was named after his paternal grandfather George Terter I. It is possible that he was associated as co-emperor by his father in 1321, but the sources are unclear. After his father's death in 1322, he became actively involved in the civil war in the Byzantine Empire, in which the throne was being contested between Andronikos II Palaiologos and his grandson Andronikos III Palaiologos. Taking advantage of the situation, George Terter II invaded Byzantine Thrace and, encountering little, if any, resistance, conquered the major city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and part of the surrounding area in 1322. A Bulgarian garrison was installed under the command of a general named Ivan the Russian, and a court scribe praised George Terter II as a "possessor of the Bulgarian and the Greek sceptre". A new campaign later the same year brought the subjugation of several fortresses around Adrianople, but the Bulgarians were now turned back and defeated by Andronikos III. The Byzantine emperor was preparing for an invasion of Bulgaria, when he heard the news that George Terter II had died, apparently of natural causes.

George Terter II died as a young man and did not have any known offspring. He was succeeded by his distant cousin Michael Asen III, now commonly called Michael Shishman.


George I of Bulgaria
Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria
Jacob Svetoslav
Maria Asenina Svetoslav
daughter of Elena of Bulgaria
George II of Bulgaria
Euphrosyne of Crimea


External links

Preceded by
Theodore Svetoslav
Emperor of Bulgaria
Succeeded by
Michael Shishman
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