|Coordinates: 50°18′47″N 17°22′27″E / 50.31306°N 17.37417°E|
|• Mayor||Edward Szupryczyński|
|• Total||6.83 km2 (2.64 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+48 77|
Głuchołazy [ɡwuxɔˈwazɨ] (German: Bad Ziegenhals; Silesian: Gůchołazy) is a town in Nysa County, in Opole Voivodeship of southwestern Poland, near the border with the Czech Republic. It is the administrative seat of the Gmina Głuchołazy.
Głuchołazy has a canting arms - the shield features a goat's head in reference to its former German name, Ziegenhals, which literally means "goat's neck". The town was part of Prussia, then Germany, until 1945.
The settlement in the episcopal Duchy of Nysa was established about 1220 by German settlers who were called by the ruling Bishop Lawrence of Wrocław to build up a stronghold against the threatening forces of the Přemyslid margrave Vladislaus III of Moravia, brother of King Ottokar I of Bohemia. The place soon became an important site of iron ore and gold mining run by the Thurzó and Fugger families, it had received town privileges already in 1263. The town was devastated in 1428 during the Hussite Wars.
After the First Silesian War and the 1742 Treaty of Breslau the Duchy of Nysa was partitioned and Głuchołazy became a Prussian bordertown, while the adjacent area around Zlaté Hory remained with Austrian Silesia. In the 19th century it became a spa town (Bad). After World War II the remaining German population was expelled and with the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line in 1945, the area returned to the Republic of Poland.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Głuchołazy is twinned with:
- Roland Gumpert (born 1944), engineer and founder of the Gumpert sports car company
- Andrzej Sośnierz (born 1951), politician and physician
- Michał Bajor (born 1957), actor and musician
- Roman Dąbrowski (born 1972), footballer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Głuchołazy.|
- Official town webpage (Polish)
- Głuchołazy Unofficial Website (Polish)
- Głuchołazy Panorama (Polish)
- Głuchołazy in Photography (Polish)
- Jewish Community in Głuchołazy on Virtual Shtetl