Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
|Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont|
Emma as Queen mother
|Queen consort of the Netherlands|
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
|Tenure||7 January 1879 – 23 November 1890|
2 August 1858|
Arolsen Castle, Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont, German Confederation
20 March 1934 75) (aged|
Lange Voorhout Palace, The Hague, Netherlands
|Burial||Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Netherlands|
|Spouse||William III of the Netherlands|
|Issue||Wilhelmina of the Netherlands|
|House||Waldeck and Pyrmont|
|Father||George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont|
|Mother||Princess Helena of Nassau|
Adelheid Emma Wilhelmina Theresia of Waldeck and Pyrmont (2 August 1858 – 20 March 1934) was Queen of the Netherlands and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg as the wife of King-Grand Duke William III. An immensely popular member of the Dutch Royal Family, Queen Emma also served as regent for her daughter, Queen Wilhelmina, during the latter's minority.
Emma was born a Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont on 2 August 1858 in Arolsen Castle in Arolsen, the capital of the small German principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont. She was the fourth daughter of Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, and Princess Helena of Nassau. Her brother, Friedrich, was the last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Her sister, Helena, was the wife of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, a son of Queen Victoria.
Princess Emma married the elderly King William III in Arolsen on 7 January 1879, two years after the death of his first wife, Sophie of Württemberg. The aging, licentious King, once described as "the greatest debauchee of the age", is supposed to have previously been rejected by Princess Thyra of Denmark, who had more interest in his youngest son. Emma's elder sister Pauline was the King's obvious first target, but Emma was the one who stepped in with the words: "I wouldn't mind becoming Queen of the Netherlands!"
With William, Emma had her only child, the future Queen Wilhelmina, on 31 August 1880. The King also had three sons from his first marriage, William, Maurice, and Alexander, all of whom died before him without any legitimate offspring.
Three days before William died on 23 November 1890, Emma became regent for her incapacitated husband. She continued her regency into the reign of his successor, their underage daughter, Wilhelmina, until Wilhelmina's eighteenth birthday on 31 August 1898. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the crown of which could not be inherited by a woman at that time, passed to Adolf, Duke of Nassau, who happened to be Queen Emma's maternal uncle.
Titles styles and arms
- 2 August 1858 - 7 January 1879: Her Serene Highness Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
- 7 January 1879 – 23 November 1890: Her Majesty The Queen
- 23 November 1890 - 20 March 1934: Her Majesty Queen Emma
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (Netherlands)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands)
- Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange (Netherlands)
- 812th Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa (Spain)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont.|
- (Dutch) Koningin Emma (1858–1934) at the Dutch Royal House website
Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Cadet branch of the House of WaldeckBorn: 2 August 1858 Died: 20 March 1934
Title last held bySophie of Württemberg
|Queen consort of the Netherlands
Title next held byHenry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
as prince consort
|Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
| Succeeded by|
Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau