Demographics of the Solomon Islands

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Solomon Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Of its,[1] 94.5% are Melanesian, 3% Polynesian, and 1.2% Micronesian.[2] In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernaculars are spoken.

Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, and only 10% reside in urban areas.

The capital city of Honiara is situated on Guadalcanal, the largest island. The other principal towns are Gizo, Auki, and Kirakira.

Most Solomon Islanders are Christian, with the Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, and Seventh-day Adventist faiths predominating. About 5% of the population maintain traditional beliefs.

The chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are:

Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life.

The World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[3]

Demographics of Solomon Islands, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.


Age structure

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate


Sex ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density


Ethnic groups





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