Constitution of Uruguay of 1997

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The Constitution of Uruguay of 1997 refers to the Constitution of 1967 with several amendments.

Its actual name should be: the Constitution of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, with the amendments as approved in popular plebiscites of 26 November 1989, of 26 November 1994, of 8 December 1996, and of 31 October 2004. The most relevant of them was that of 1996, which came into force on the following year; due to its changes to the electoral system, it is usually considered a new Constitution.[1]


Until the 1994 general election, all the elective posts were voted on the same day, and there were multiple presidential candidacies in every party. But now, since 1999, mid-year primary elections are held at the beginning of the electoral cycle, in order to elect single presidential candidates for every party; in October, parliamentary and presidential elections are held; if no presidential candidate scores at least 50% of all votes cast, in November there is a second round of voting. Finally, in May of the following year, there are municipal elections.[1]


On 26 October 2014, alongside the general election, Uruguay held a constitutional referendum on a proposed amendment to article 43 of the Constitution, lowering the age of criminal responsibility from 18 to 16. In the end, this proposal narrowly failed its approval.

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