Uruguayan general election, 2014
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politics and government of
General elections were held in Uruguay on 26 October 2014, alongside a constitutional referendum. Since no presidential candidate received an absolute majority, a runoff took place on 30 November 2014. Primary elections had been held on 1 June 2014.
Incumbent President José Mujica was ineligible to run owing to a constitutional limit on serving consecutive terms. The governing Broad Front nominated former President Tabaré Vázquez as its candidate, with Vázquez defeating Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou of the National Party in the second round of voting by the widest margin since the run-off system was first implemented in 1999. The Broad Front also maintained its majority in the Chamber of Deputies, winning 50 of the 99 seats.
There were around 250,000 new voters in this election, many of them not used to traditional media. Campaign managers and advertising agents took notice of this new trend, and implemented an important portion of their campaign via social media.
According to the opinion polls, the political landscape remained stable, due to the fact that most serious candidates had already run on the previous election. In the ruling coalition Broad Front, former president Tabare Vazquez who had left office in 2010 with approval ratings above 60%, was challenged by senator Constanza Moreira. The major surprise was the rise of representative Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou from the conservative faction of the National Party, and his narrow victory over the more liberal former presidential candidate and senator Jorge Larrañaga:
- Broad Front: this party has a long tradition of single candidacies since 1971, with just a few exceptions. Finally, in November 2013, the Congress of the Broad Front announced two candidacies:
- National Party: the primary election within the National Party was a close contest, garnering most of the attention:
- Colorado Party:
- Independent Party:
- former representative Pablo Mieres
- Smaller parties
Many other smaller parties, most of them newly created, also took part in the elections and put forward presidential condidates:
- Popular Assembly: Gonzalo Abella
- Unión para el Cambio: Marcelo Fuentes
- Partido de la Concertación: José Luis Vega
- Workers' Party: Rafael Fernández
- Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente: César Vega
- Unidos por Nuestras Riquezas Naturales: Beatriz Banchero
|Poll source||Date(s) administered||Sample size||Broad Front||National Party||Colorado Party||Independent Party||Popular Assembly||None/Unsure|
|Cifra||10–21 July 2013||1,021||43%||25%||14%||2%||-||16%|
|Mori||21 December 2013||-||44%||25%||14%||2%||-||11%|
|Cifra||19 February 2014||1,000||45%||28%||15%||-||-||-|
|Party||Presidential candidate||First round||Second round||Seats|
|Broad Front||Tabaré Vázquez||1,134,187||49.45||1,226,105||56.63||50||0||15||–1|
|National Party||Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou||732,601||31.94||939,074||43.37||32||+2||10||+1|
|Colorado Party||Pedro Bordaberry||305,699||13.33||13||–4||4||–1|
|Independent Party||Pablo Mieres||73,379||3.20||3||+1||1||+1|
|Popular Assembly||Gonzalo Abella||26,869||1.17||1||+1||0||0|
|Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente||César Vega||17,835||0.78||0||New||0||New|
|Workers' Party||Rafael Fernández||3,218||0.14||0||-||0||-|
|Source: Corte Electoral, Buenos Aires Herald|
Within the Broad Front coalition, Movement of Popular Participation won six seats in the Senate, the Liber Seregni Front won three and the Socialist Party won two. Following the second round of the presidential elections, the Broad Front gained an extra seat in the Senate, giving them a majority, as Vice President Raúl Fernando Sendic Rodríguez automatically became a member.
- "New voters, a mysterious lot". El Observador. 29 January 2014. (Spanish)
- "Advertising agents working behind the candidates". El Observador. 6 February 2014. (Spanish)
- Cifra opinion polls (Spanish)
- Elections and renewal (Spanish)
- "Unexpected victory of Lacalle Pou in the Uruguayan primaries". EL PAIS (in Spanish). 2 June 2014.
- "Reserved diagnostic". Brecha (in Spanish). 8 March 2013.
- "The Broad Front's candidates and platform". El Observador (in Spanish). 25 November 2013.
- "Candidate profiles". La Diaria (in Spanish). 27 December 2013.
- "The only real primaries". EL PAIS (in Spanish). 10 March 2013.
- Two more candidates ready to fight (in Spanish).
- Hasta donde nos lleve la gente (in Spanish).
- "Fifteen months ahead of presidential election, Uruguay's ruling coalition continues to lead". Merco Press. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "Uruguay's ruling coalition ends 2013 with a majority lead in public opinion". Merco Press. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "Ruling party leads in opinion polls". The Economist. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "Broad Front secures majority in Congress". Buenos Aires Herald. 28 October 2014.
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