Camalaniugan, Cagayan



Map of Cagayan showing the location of Camalaniugan

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 18°16′N 121°41′E / 18.27°N 121.68°E / 18.27; 121.68Coordinates: 18°16′N 121°41′E / 18.27°N 121.68°E / 18.27; 121.68
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Cagayan
District 1st District
Founded June 15, 1596
Barangays 28
  Mayor Isidro T. Cabaddu
  Total 76.5 km2 (29.5 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
  Total 24,923
  Density 330/km2 (840/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3510
IDD:area code +63(0)78
Income class 4th class

Camalaniugan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 24,923 people.[3]


Camalaniugan is politically subdivided into 28 barangays.[2]

  • Afunan Cabayu
  • Agusi
  • Alilinu
  • Baggao
  • Bantay
  • Bulala
  • Casili Norte
  • Catotoran Norte
  • Centro Norte (Pob.)
  • Centro Sur (Pob.)
  • Cullit
  • Dacal-Lafugu
  • Dammang Norte
  • Dugo
  • Fusina
  • Batalla
  • Jurisdiction
  • Luec
  • Minanga
  • Paragat
  • Tagum
  • Tuluttuging
  • Ziminila
  • Casili Sur
  • Catotoran Sur
  • Dammang Sur (Felipe Tuzon)
  • Sapping


The town was named after the "malaniug" trees which grew in abundance during the early years.

Camalaniugan was founded on June 15, 1596, a rather early date because of its proximity to Nueva Segovia (Lallo). San Jacinto de Polonia was selected as their patron saint. The early settlers were the Ybanags and Ilocanos, both peace-loving citizens. They built their houses along the banks of the Cagayan River. They brought with them their knowledge of farming and skills in making weapons. According to the story related by the elders, among these "happy" settlers was Guiab, a famous strongman and leader of Camalaniugan. He did not like the missionaries. Because of this, he was arrested and later hanged from a malaniug tree by order of Juan Pablo Carreon. For years the people suffered injustice.

Between the year 1887-1888, Fray Marcelino Cascos, O.P., built a convent. It was in this convent where Col. Daniel Tirona billeted his men after arresting the missionaries when he occupied the town in 1898.

It is in this town where the oldest Christian bell in the Far East is located. It is also the birthplace of Don Vicente Nepomuceno, author of the history book "Historia Nac Cagayan" which is written in Ybanag.

The town has a church dedicated to San Jacinto or Saint Hyacinth which houses the oldest church bell (Sancta Maria, 1595) in the far east.


Population census of Camalaniugan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 11,222    
1995 19,915+11.35%
2000 21,186+1.34%
2007 22,489+0.83%
2010 23,404+1.46%
2015 24,923+1.20%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4]

In the 2015 census, the population of Camalaniugan was 24,923 people,[3] with a density of 330 inhabitants per square kilometre or 850 inhabitants per square mile.


  1. "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Province: CAGAYAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Region II (CAGAYAN VALLEY)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. "Region II (CAGAYAN VALLEY)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.

External links

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