Cals cabinet

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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Cals (14 April 1965 - 22 November 1966) is the name given to a Dutch cabinet, consisting of ministers from KVP, PvdA and ARP.

After the fall of the Marijnen cabinet, the confessional parties did not want snap elections because those could centre on the introduction of commercial television, the issue that led to the fall of the former cabinet. So a new cabinet was formed on the basis of the existing situation. A continuation of the Marijnen cabinet was considered to have too narrow a basis, so PvdA was asked to join in. As a result, DHU stepped out. But previous frictions between PvdA and KVP were overcome because there was a desire to form a cabinet fast, which was indeed done, in just over a month.

After two decades of economic growth, this cabinet experienced a slight recession. Plans to build sports halls, roads and houses had to be tempered. In Limburg the coal mines were closed and plans were drawn to educate and re-employ the former miners.

There was also social unrest ('the sixties'), which became apparent in the Provo movement, construction worker protests, riots over the marriage of princess Beatrix in Amsterdam and the rise of new parties like Boerenpartij, Pacifist Socialist Party, GPV and D'66. Especially the last party wanted to change the political order .

Despite confidence that this 'cabinet of strong men' would complete a standard four-year term, the cabinet fell after a year and a half in the infamous Night of Schmelzer over an accepted motion by the KVP, which was part of the government coalition at that moment, on government spending. Cals concluded from this that there was a lack of confidence in the cabinet.


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