Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz (917)
|Battle of Rueda|
|Part of the Reconquista|
Map of the Caliphate of Cordoba circa 1000.
|Kingdom of León||Caliphate of Córdoba|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Ordoño II of León||Abi-Abda|
Part of a series on the
|History of Spain|
The Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz was a battle of the Spanish Reconquista which occurred in the year 917. The battle pitted the Omayyad forces of the Caliphate of Cordoba under Abi-Abda against the troops of the Kingdom of Leon under Ordoño II of León. The battle resulted in a Leonese victory.
In 912, Ordoño II ordered the repoblación of San Esteban de Gormaz as the city had been one of the borderline cities in between the Moorish and Christian zones of the Iberian Peninsula. This region had become depopulated early in the Muslim takeover and acted as a buffer zone between the two groups.
Once hearing of Ordoño II's efforts to repopulate and take control of the city, Abi-Abda ordered a siege of the city in 917. Ordoño II was able to successfully come to the city's aid and routed the Muslim forces. Abi-Abda himself was captured during the fray and executed by decapitation. His head was put on display on the city's ramparts as a warning to the Muslims.
A similar battle would take place in 919 where the Muslims were repulsed, however by 920 the city was again in Muslim hands. The city would change hands multiple times until 1054 when the town was permanently retaken by the Christian forces under the command of Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, also known as el Cid.
- "Historia de San Esteban de Gormaz". Retrieved 5 June 2012.