Shevat       Adar (אֲדָר)       Nisan

Purim, the holiday of the deliverance of the
Jewish people in the ancient Achaemenid Empire,
being celebrated at a Tel Aviv carnival in 1934
by a Yemenite Jewish woman dressed
as Queen Esther.
Month Number: 12
Number of Days: 29
Season: Northern hemisphere
winter, Southern
hemisphere summer
Gregorian Equivalent: February–March

Adar (Hebrew: אֲדָר Adar; from Akkadian adaru) is the sixth month of the civil year and the twelfth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It is a winter month of 29 days. The Month of Adar in the Holy Scriptures comprises in Esther 09, 21.

In leap years, it is preceded by a 30-day intercalary month named Adar Aleph (Hebrew: אדר א', Aleph being the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, also known as "Adar Rishon" (First Adar) or "Adar I") and it is then itself called Adar Bet (Hebrew: אדר ב', Bet being the second letter of the Hebrew Alphabet, also known as "Adar Sheni" (Second Adar) or "Adar II"). Occasionally instead of Adar I and Adar II, "Adar" and "Ve'Adar" are used (Ve means 'and' thus: And Adar). Adar I and II occur during February–March on the Gregorian calendar.

Based on a line in the Mishnah declaring that Purim must be celebrated in Adar II in a leap year (Megillah 1:4), Adar I is considered the "extra" month. As a result, someone born in Adar during a non leap year would celebrate his birthday in Adar II during a leap year. However, someone born during either Adar in a leap year will celebrate his birthday during Adar in a non-leap year, except that someone born on 30 Adar I will celebrate his birthday on 1 Nisan in a non-leap year because Adar in a non-leap year has only 29 days.[1]

Holidays in Adar

13 Adar (II in leap years) - Fast of Esther – on 11 Adar when the 13th falls on Shabbat - (Fast Day)
14 Adar (II in leap years) - Purim
14 Adar I (does not exist in non-leap years; Karaites celebrate in Adar II) - Purim Katan
15 Adar (II in leap years) - Shushan Purim - celebration of Purim in walled cities existing during the time of Joshua

17 Adar (II in leap years) - Yom Adar celebration feast

Adar in Jewish history

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Other uses


  1. No 24 WA21946, The Babylonian Chronicles, The British Museum
  2. "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frankfort-on-the-Main".
  3. Rabbi Gershon's gravestone, which lists 25 Adar as his day of passing, was discovered in the Mount of Olives cemetery in Jerusalem after the Six-day War.
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