|Country of origin||India|
|Distribution||Gujarat: Anand, Kaira and Baroda districts|
|Weight||Male: average 499 kg|
|Female: average 408 kg|
|Height||Male: ca. 130 cm|
|Female: ca. 125 cm|
|Coat||rusty brown or silver-grey|
The Surti is a breed of water buffalo found in the Charottar tract of Gujarat between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. The best animals of this breed are found in Anand, Kaira and Baroda districts of Gujarat.
Characteristics of the breed
The Surti buffalo is of medium size and docile temperament. The breed has got a fairly broad and long head with a convex shape at the top in between horns. Horns are sickle-shaped and flat which grow in a downward & backward direction and then upwards at the tip forming a hook. The skin is black or brown. Surti breed has got a unique straight back. Good specimens have two white collars.
Performance of the breed
Average milk production:-
- Ist Lactation:-1500-1600 kg
- Other than Ist Lactation:- 1900–2000 kg
Fat:- 7 to 7.5%
SNF:- 9 to 9.15%
Age at Ist calving:- 45 to 47 months
Calving interval:- 400 to 425 days
Breeding period:- Seasonal (Sept. to April)
- Breed data sheet: Surti. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed September 2013.