Subah Ka Tara

Subah Ka Tara
Directed by V. Shantaram
Produced by Rajkamal Kalamandir
Written by Shams Lakhnavi
Starring Pradeep Kumar
Baby Rajshree
Amirbai Karnataki
Music by C. Ramchandra
Cinematography G. Balakrishna
Rajkamal Kalamandir
Release dates
1952 (1952)
Running time
107 minutes
Country India
Language Hindi

Subah Ka Tara ( The Morning Star) is a 1952 Hindi social romantic film directed by V. Shantaram.[1] The film was produced by Rajkamal Kalamandir and had story and dialogues by Shams Lucknavi. The director of photography was G. Balkrishna. It had music composed by C. Ramchandra and the lyricists were Noor Lakhnavi and Diwan Sharar.[2] The title song "Chamka Chamka Subah Ka Tara" was one of the notable songs from this film. Rajshree appeared in her debut role as a child star.[3] The cast included Pradeep Kumar, Jayshree, Amirbai Karnataki, Rajshree, Shakuntala Paranjpye and Naaz.[4]

Jayshree plays the role of a young widow pursued by a young man (Pradeep Kumar) who falls in love with her but is unable to marry her due to societal norms and subsequently becomes insane.[5]


The film told in flash-back, starts with a few people troubling a disheveled, insane man holding a bedding. The mad man is Mohan (Pradeep Kumar) who finally sits down with a sympathiser and starts narrating the story. Mohan meets a young widow, Padmini (Jayshree) taking medicine for her dying mother. Padmini's mother, from her death-bed, warns her about befriending young men as she's a widow and society demands that she live alone with just a white sheet as a companion for that's her life as a widow. Following her mother's death Padmini goes to her paternal uncle's house to live. Her uncle has gone to Africa and her Aunt treats her badly. Mohan falls ill thinking about Padmini's situation and her rebuff when he pursues her. He is looked after by his mother and young sister (Baby Rajshree). Padmini is made to work as a maid in her Uncle's house but has a kind cousin sister, Bharti (Chandrakanta). Mohan arrives there on some work and the Aunt has chosen him as a suitable boy for Bharti's marriage. Mohan sees Padmini and tells her how he feels, which is overheard by the Aunt. The Aunt throws Padmini out of the house to fend for herself. The story continues with the problems Padmini faces, Mohan's search for Padmini and her death when she sets the house left by her mother, on fire. Mohan finds the bedding in the aftermath of the fire and goes insane.




Shantaram played a small part as a drunk man, whose house Jayshree goes to looking for a job. His role was appreciated as the "engaging drunk" in the film.[6] Jayshree's role as Padmini, the young widow was commended but her "speaking in whispers" was censured.[7] Pradeep Kumar's role as the "socially conscious" youth was termed "memorable".[5]


Shantaram chose C. Ramchandra as opposed to Vasant Desai for two of his films, Parchhain (1952) and Subah Ka Tara. However, Desai scored the background music for both the films.[8] The film's title song "Gaya Andhera Hua Ujala Chamka Chamka Subah Ka Tara" in Raga Pahadi sung by Talat Mehmood and Lata Mangeshkar.[9] The other notable songs from the film were Talat's "Apni Nakami Se Mujhko Kaam Hai", and "Badi Dhoom Dham Se Meri Bhabhi Aayi" sung by Usha Mangeshkar, which was also her debut song.[10]

The music director was C. Ramchandra with lyrics by Noor Lucknavi and the song "Do Haklon Ka Suno Fasana" written by Diwan Sharar. The singers were Lata Mangeshkar, Talat Mahmood, C. Ramchandra, Chandrakanta and Usha Mangeshkar.[11]


# Title Singer
1 Gaya Andhera Hua Ujala Talat Mehmood, Lata Mangeshkar
2 Bhaabhi Aayi Badi Dhoom Dhaam Se Meri Bhabhi Aayi Usha Mangeshkar
3 Sune Zamane Ke Taane Lata Mangeshkar
4 Khushi Achhi Hai, Qismat Ne Hamako Zulm Uthana Sikha Diya Lata Mangeshkar
5 Kahun Kaase Main Man Ki Baat Lata Mangeshkar
6 Chali Ban Ke Dulhan Unse Laagi Lagan Lata Mangeshkar
7 Apni Naakaami Se Mujhko Kaam Hai Talat Mehmood
8 Do Haklon Ka Suno Fasana Lata Mangeshkar, Chandrakanta
9 Zara O Jane Wale Rukh Se Aanchal Ko Hata Dena C. Ramchandra


  1. "Subah Ka Tara". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  2. "Subah Ka Tara". Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  3. Renu Saran (25 February 2014). Encyclopedia of Bollywood–Film Actresses. Diamond Pocket Books Pvt Ltd. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-93-5083-691-0. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  4. "Subah Ka Tara". Alan Goble. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  5. 1 2 Ashok Raj (1 November 2009). Hero Vol.1. Hay House, Inc. pp. 228–. ISBN 978-93-81398-02-9. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  6. The Mysore Economic Review. 75. 1990. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  7. "Cinema". Thought. 6. Siddhartha Publications. 1954. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  8. Nilu N. Gavankar (2011). The Desai Trio and the Movie Industry of India. AuthorHouse. pp. 57–. ISBN 978-1-4634-1941-7. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  9. "Selected songs of Lata Mangeshkar". David and Chandrakantha Courtney. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  10. Jagdish Saran Sharma (1981). Encyclopaedia Indica. 2. S. Chand. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  11. "Subah Ka Tara". Hindi Geetmala. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
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