River Ure

River Ure
Country England
State North Yorkshire
Source Ure Head
 - elevation 640 m (2,100 ft)
 - coordinates 54°21′59.967″N 2°18′0.033″W / 54.36665750°N 2.30000917°W / 54.36665750; -2.30000917
Mouth River Ouse
 - location Cuddy Shaw Reach (near Linton-on-Ouse), North Yorkshire, England
 - elevation 10 m (33 ft)
 - coordinates 54°2′4″N 1°16′30″W / 54.03444°N 1.27500°W / 54.03444; -1.27500Coordinates: 54°2′4″N 1°16′30″W / 54.03444°N 1.27500°W / 54.03444; -1.27500
Length 119 km (74 mi)

The River Ure is a river in North Yorkshire, England, approximately 74 miles (119 km) long from its source to the point where it changes name to the River Ouse. It is the principal river of Wensleydale, which is the only one of the major Dales now named after a village rather than its river. The old name for the valley was Yoredale after the river that runs through it.

The Ure is one of many rivers and waterways that drain the Dales into the River Ouse. Tributaries of the Ure include the River Swale and the River Skell.


The earliest recorded name of the river is Earp in about 1025, probably an error for Ear Ƿ, where Ƿ represents the Old English letter wynn or 'w', standing for wæter ("water").[1] By 1140 it is recorded as Jor, hence Jervaulx (Jorvale) Abbey, and a little later as Yore. In Tudor times the antiquarians John Leland and William Camden used the modern form of the name.[2]

The name probably means "the strong or swift river".[3] This is on the assumption that the Brittonic name of the river was Isurā, because the Roman name for Aldborough was Isurium; intervocalic s is known to have been lost in Brittonic at an early date. This explanation connects the river name with an Indo-European root is- meaning "strong" and the names of the Isar in Germany and the Isère in France.[1]


River Ure
Ure Head (Source)
Fording Point
Green Bridge (foot)
Ure Crook
How Beck Bridge
Tongue Gill
Grass Gill
Scars Gill
Fording Point
Keld Gill
Blades Footbridge
Unnamed road
Johnston Gill
South Lunds Sike
Ure Force
Unnamed road
Lunds Gill Thorn
Tarn gill
Scothole Gill
Thwaite Bridge
Carr Gill
Mossdale Beck
Cottersdale Beck
A684 New Bridge
Widdale Beck
Hardraw Beck
Thorne Sike
Gayle Beck
Haylands Bridge Hawes
Blackburn Sike
Eller Beck
Nicholl Gill
Raygill Sike
Yore Bridge Bainbridge
Grays Beck
River Bain
Paddock Beck
West Mawks Sike
Worton Bridge Worton
Newbiggin Beck
Craike Sike Gutter
Sister Ings Beck
Starra Beck
Wanley Beck
Gill Beck
Eller Beck
Mill Race
Low Beck
Aysgarth Falls
Yore Bridge
Bishopdale/Walden Becks
Kendall Beck
Belden Beck/Swan River
Batt Island
Mill Beck
A684 Wensley Bridge
Wensley Beck
A684 Middleham Bridge
Mill Beck
Harmby/Spennithorne Becks
Ulshaw Bridge
The Batts
River Cover
Harker Beck
Kilgram Bridge
The Island
Markfield Goit
A6108 Masham Bridge
River Burn
Black Robin Beck
The Batts
A6108 Tanfield Bridge
Mill Batts
Light Water
The Sike
Hutton Mill Deep
North Bridge Ripon
A61 Ripon By-pass
River Skell
B6265 Hewick Bridge
Ripon Canal
Bishop Monkton Cutt
Scour Gutter
Ings Drain
The Island
Westwick Lock
Croft Drain
A168 Arrows Bridge
Borough Bridge
Milby Lock
River Swale
Beck Closes Drain
Aldwark Bridge (Toll)
Changes to River Ouse

The source of the river is Ure Head on Abbotside Common where it flows west south-west to the valley floor and then turns south. Where it reaches the A684 it turns east along Wensleydale as far as Wensley. From here it flows south-east to Jervaulx Abbey and shortly after south to Mickley. Here it returns east and then south to Ripon. A little way after Ripon it flows east again to Boroughbridge.

To the east of Boroughbridge, the Ure is joined by the River Swale. About 6 miles (9.7 km) downstream of this confluence, at Cuddy Shaw Reach near Linton-on-Ouse, the river changes its name to the River Ouse.

Water levels

Monitoring Station[4] Station Elevation Low water level High water level Record high level
Bainbridge 208 m (682 ft) 0.06 m (0.20 ft) 2.5 m (8.2 ft) 3.66 m (12.0 ft)
Kilgram 94 m (308 ft) 0.27 m (0.89 ft) 1.5 m (4.9 ft) 5.64 m (18.5 ft)
Masham 76 m (249 ft) 0.14 m (0.46 ft) 2.3 m (7.5 ft) 3.53 m (11.6 ft)
Ripon Ure Bank 24 m (79 ft) 0.03 m (0.098 ft) 0.89 m (2.9 ft) 3.73 m (12.2 ft)
Westwick Lock 22 m (72 ft) 0.11 m (0.36 ft) 2.5 m (8.2 ft) 3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Boroughbridge 15 m (49 ft) 9.62 m (31.6 ft) 13 m (43 ft) 15.59 m (51.1 ft)


Upper Wensleydale is high, open and remote U shaped valley overlying Yoredale Beds. The gradient is gentle to the north end of the valley, becoming steeper further south. Drumlins lay either side of the river, which is shallow but fast flowing. The river is fed from many gills cutting through woodland and predominantly sheep farmsteads. The Settle to Carlisle railway runs along the western side of the valley here.

Mid Wensleydale is made of Great Scar limestone under Yoredale beds that make up the valley sides which are marked with stepped limestone scars. The valley floor is made from glacial drift tails and moraine. The river here is broad and gently flowing in meanders in a stony channel. There are four tributary valleys that contribute to several waterfalls in this area.

Lower Wensleydale is a broader version of mid Wensleydale with the river gently meandering until it drops significantly at Aysgarth over the platformed waterfalls. The valley sides become increasingly wooded.

From Middleham onwards the river is a typical mid-age river and meanders in wider arcs as it flows south-east. [5]


The valley has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Examples of earthworks and other artifacts from the Bronze and Iron Ages can be seen in the Dales Countryside Museum in Hawes and the Romans built a fort at Bainbridge. Place-names in the valley denote the different types of settlers, such as Angles and Norse with typical suffixes like 'ton' and "sett".

During medieval times, much of the upper dale was sheep country belonging to Middleham Castle and Jervaulx Abbey. In 1751, the Richmond to Lancaster turnpike was created and originally followed the Roman road from Bainbridge. In 1795 it was diverted along the valley to Hawes and took the Widdale route, now the B6255 to Ingleton.[6]

More recently in 1990, Aysgarth Falls was used as a location in Robin Hood, Prince of Thieves, in the scene where Robin Hood fights Little John.[7] It also featured in the 1992 film of Wuthering Heights[8] and the 1984 TV miniseries, A Woman of Substance.[9]


Farming, lead mining, dairying and quarrying are the mainstays of the modern economy of the valley, along with tourism. The dairy at Hawes produces Wensleydale cheese. Brewing takes place in Masham at the Black Sheep and Theakston Breweries.

There are many waymarked footpaths and open countryside. The Pennine Way passes through Hawes.[6]


The River Ure is navigable upstream as far as its junction with the Ripon Canal, 2 miles (3 km) south east of Ripon, a distance of 13.6 miles (21.9 km). There are locks at Milby, where a short cut bypasses the weir at Boroughbridge, and at Westwick.

Navigation to Swale Nab, at the confluence with the River Swale, was opened in January 1769 as part of the River Ouse Navigation.[10] Navigation to the Ripon Canal was opened in January 1772.[11]

The Leeds and Thirsk Railway bought the navigation in January 1846.[12] The navigation was neglected, and the lack of dredging resulted in boats having to be loaded with less cargo. There was a brief upturn in trade in the 1860s, but the decline continued after that. By 1892, no traffic proceeded past Boroughbridge, and the North Eastern Railway took action to prevent the waterway above Boroughbridge being used.[12]

Until 1999 the navigation authority to Swale Nab was the Linton Lock Navigation Commissioners. The Commissioners had insufficient income to maintain the navigation, and in 1999 it was transferred to British Waterways.[13] The navigation authority for the whole navigation is now the Canal & River Trust.

Natural history

The differing habitats of the area have their own populations of flora such as cranesbill, bistort, pignut and buttercup. Other species that can be seen in the area are wood anemones, violets, primroses, purple orchids, cowslips and herb paris. Some plants, such as spring sandwort, have managed to grow where the lead mining took place. There are large populations of badgers, roe deer, red foxes and rabbits in the valley. Among the variety of birds that can be seen in the valley are golden plovers, curlews and oystercatchers.[6]




From the source of the river:

  • Tongue Gill
  • Grass Gill
  • Scars Gill
  • Keld Gill
  • Johnston Gill
  • South Lunds Sike
  • Tarn gill
  • Scothole Gill
  • Carr Gill
  • Mossdale Beck
  • Cottersdale Beck
  • Widdale Beck
  • Hardraw beck
  • Thorne Sike
  • Gayle Beck
  • Blackburn Sike
  • Eller Beck
  • Nicholl Gill
  • Raygill Sike

  • Grays Beck
  • River Bain
  • Paddock Beck
  • West Mawks Sike
  • Newbiggin Beck
  • Craike Sike Gutter
  • Sister Ings Beck
  • Starra Beck
  • Wanley Beck
  • Gill Beck
  • Eller Beck
  • Low Beck
  • Bishopdale/Walden Becks
  • Kendall Beck
  • Belden Beck/Swan River
  • Mill Beck
  • Wensley Beck
  • Mill Beck
  • Harmby/Spennithorne Becks
  • River Cover


From the source of the river:


From the source of the river:

  • Green Bridge (foot)
  • How Beck Bridge
  • Footbridge
  • Blades Footbridge
  • Unnamed road
  • Unnamed road
  • Thwaite Bridge
  • A684
  • Footbridge
  • A684 New Bridge
  • Footbridge
  • Haylands Beck, Hawes
  • Footbridge
  • Yore Bridge, Bainbridge
  • Worton Bridge, Worton
  • Footbridge
  • Footbridge
  • Footbridge
  • Yore Bridge
  • A684 Wensley Bridge
  • A684 Middleham Bridge
  • Ulshaw Bridge
  • Footbridge
  • A6108 Masham Bridge
  • Footbridge
  • A6108 Tanfield Bridge
  • North Bridge, Ripon
  • A61 Ripon By-pass
  • B6265 Hewick Bridge
  • A1(M)
  • A168 Arrows Bridge
  • Borough Bridge
  • Footbridge
  • Aldwark Bridge (Toll)


  1. 1 2 Smith, A.H. (1962). The Place-names of the West Riding of Yorkshire. 7. Cambridge University Press. pp. 140–141.
  2. Wensleydale, Ella Pontefract, J.M. Dent & Sons, London, 1936
  3. Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Ure", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978 0 521 16855 7
  4. "River Levels". Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  5. "Landscape Character". Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  6. 1 2 3 "Local history". Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  7. "Filming Locations". Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  8. "Filming Locations". Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  9. "Filming Locations". Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  10. "River Ouse (Yorkshire). History". Jim Shead's Waterways Information. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  11. "River Ure. History". Jim Shead's Waterways Information. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  12. 1 2 Hadfield, Charles (1973). The Canals of Yorkshire and North East England (Vol 2). David and Charles. pp. 450–452. ISBN 0-7153-5975-4.
  13. The Gazette, 18 June 1999
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/5/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.