Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv, v
Reference 823
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1997 (21st Session)

The Residences of the Royal House of Savoy are a group of buildings in Turin and the Province of Turin, in Piedmont (northern Italy). It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in 1997.


The House of Savoy is an ancient royal family, being founded in year 1003 in the Savoy region (now in Rhône-Alpes, France), later expanding so that by 1720 it reigned over the Kingdom of Sardinia in northwestern Italy. Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until the end of World War II. At this time, King Victor Emanuel III abdicated in favour of his son Umberto II but after a constitutional referendum in 1946, the monarchy was abolished, a republic was established, and members of the House of Savoy were required to leave the country.[1]

In 1562, Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy moved his capital to Turin and commenced a series of building projects using the best architects available at the time. The buildings, lavishly constructed and including embellishments by contemporary artists, were designed to impress the public and demonstrate the power of the House of Savoy. As well as palaces in Turin itself, country houses and hunting lodges were built in the surrounding countryside. All these buildings have been jointly listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the basis that they "represent the best in European monumental architecture from the 17th and 18th centuries, expressing in their style and opulence a potent demonstration of the power of absolute monarchy in material terms".[2]

Palazzo Reale (Royal Palace) in Turin.


See also


  1. Ulwencreutz, Lars (2013). Ulwencreutz's The Royal Families in Europe V. p. 290. ISBN 978-1-304-58135-8.
  2. "Residences of the Royal House of Savoy". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
  3. 1 2 "Residences of the Royal House of Savoy". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
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Coordinates: 45°04′21″N 7°41′09″E / 45.07250°N 7.68583°E / 45.07250; 7.68583

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