Location in Greater Buenos Aires
|Coordinates: 34°43′00″S 58°16′00″W / 34.71667°S 58.26667°WCoordinates: 34°43′00″S 58°16′00″W / 34.71667°S 58.26667°W|
|Province||Buenos Aires Province|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|Time zone||P (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||O (UTC-2)|
|CPA Base||B 1878, B 1879|
|Area code(s)||+54 11|
Quilmes (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkilmes]) is a city in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on the coast of the Rio de la Plata on the south east of the Greater Buenos Aires. It is the capital of the borough Quilmes (Partido de Quilmes), and has a population of 230,810. It is located 17 km (11 mi) south of the capital of Buenos Aires, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.
The Quilmes were a native tribe who lived in the surroundings of Tucumán. In the 17th century, after repeated attempts by the Spanish invaders to control their lands, the Quilmes were defeated and were forced to settle in a restricted colony (reducción) near Buenos Aires, where the authorities could control them. The settlement was thus established in 1666 as Exaltación de la Santa Cruz de los Kilme. The 1,000 km (621 mi) journey from Tucumán was made on foot, causing hundreds of Quilmes to die in the process. The colony had been abandoned by 1810 and had become a ghost town. The land was divided in parcels and the town of Quilmes was established in 1818. During the first British invasion, lasting 46 days in 1806, the British arrived from Montevideo through Quilmes and went to Buenos Aires from there.
The town's development accelerated during the wave of immigration in Argentina during the late 19th century, and Quilmes was considered as the location for a new provincial capital during the Federalization of Buenos Aires of 1880 (ultimately established in La Plata). The Argentine Air Force established a 220 ha (540 acre) base in East Quilmes in 1943.
Quilmes proper consists of two main parts, east and west, which are divided by the tracks of the Metropolitano passenger train line. East Quilmes has several relatively wealthy areas and a large shopping district. As one travels east toward the Río de la Plata, neighborhoods become increasingly poor, and two large villas miseria (slums) are found close to the river. These areas often experience severe flooding.
Quilmes is the home of two football teams: Quilmes Atlético Club and Club Atlético Argentino de Quilmes. The first was founded in the 19th century by Cannon J. T. Stevenson, and the second one was founded later, by Argentines who were not allowed to play for the QAC. They are two of the oldest Argentine football teams. The city has been chosen by FIH to host the 2014 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy.
The city also gives its name to the Cerveza Quilmes beer company, as this is where it was first brewed in 1888 where the brewery was started by Otto Bemberg; the establishment remains a leading employer in the city. Other significant manufacturers in Quilmes include textile maker La Bernalesa, glass maker Cattorini, construction materials maker Cerámica Quilmes, and climate control equipment maker Rheem.
Famous Quilmeños include television variety show host Susana Giménez, football forward Sergio Agüero, painter Carlos Morel, sculptor Victor de Pol, boxer Sergio Martínez, and the rock band Vox Dei. Aníbal Fernández, who was born in Quilmes, served as mayor from 1991 to 1995, and from 2003 as Minister of Interior, of Justice, as Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, and Senator.
|Full name||Quilmes Atlético Club|
|Nickname(s)||El Cervecero (The Brewers)|
|Founded||27 November 1887|
|Ground||Estadio Centenario Ciudad de Quilmes, Quilmes, Greater Buenos Aires|
|Website||Club home page|
Quilmes Atlético Club (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkilmes aˈtletiko ˈkluβ]) is an Argentine sports club based in the Quilmes district of Greater Buenos Aires. Quilmes is one of the oldest clubs of Argentina still competing in official tournaments, having been founded in 1887. Its football squad currently plays in the Primera División, the top division of the Argentine football league system.
The origins of the club can be found at the "Quilmes and Polo Club", an institution founded by British immigrants about 1880. In 1887 the club changed its name to "Quilmes Rovers Athletic Club" with a football team formed entirely by British people. That team took part in the second edition of Argentine Primera División championship held in 1893.
On 5 November 1897, promoting an initiative by priest J.T. Stevenson, the "Quilmes Cricket Club" is founded. The club changed its name to "Quilmes Athletic Club" in 1901, the year that Quilmes registered to Argentine Association Football League (former Argentine Football Association).
By the time that Quilmes was founded, the only club existing in Quilmes was the Quilmes Lawn Tennis Club. Guillermo Morgan was named president, becoming the first chairman of the recently created institution. During its first years, Quilmes did not admitted non-British members. The club represented to the huge British community that worked at Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway. At the beginning of its existence, the main sport practised at Quilmes was cricket, and club's colors were crimson and blue.
In March 1898 Quilmes Cricket Club added football as sport. In 1901 the club also changed its colors, adopting the England national football team's, white shirt with blue collar and shorts. By the first years of 20th century the club began to admit Argentine members, following the example of the other institution of the city, Argentino de Quilmes, which had been founded as a reaction to British rules for memberships. Unlike Quilmes CC, Argentino was opened to receive Argentine members.
|MHz||Name of the radio FM|
|87.5 MHz||Fm América|
|87.7 MHz||Fm La Hermosa|
|88.1 MHz||La radio de Tu Ciudad|
|88.5 MHz||Fm Mía|
|88.9 MHz||Fm Sur|
|89.1 MHz||Fm del Bosque|
|89.7 MHz||Fm Compartiendo|
|90.3 MHz||Fm Houpe|
|90.7 MHz||Fm Stylo|
|90.9 MHz||Fm Ser|
|91.1 MHz||(Christian radio)|
|91.3 MHz||(Christian radio)|
|91.5 MHz||Fm RK|
|92.1 Fm MHz||Identidad Sur|
|92.3 MHz||Fm Victoria|
|92.9 MHz||Fm Spectra|
|93.5 MHz||Radio FMQ|
|93.7 MHz||Fm Wen|
|94.1 MHz||Iglesia del Puente|
|94.7 MHz||Fm Ahijuna|
|95.3 MHz||Fm Rdb|
|95.7 MHz||Fm Planeta|
|96.1 MHz||Fm Plus|
|96.3 MHz||Fm Bolivia|
|97.1 MHz||Fm Elit|
|97.3 MHz||Fm Cardinal|
|98.5 MHz||(Christian radio)|
|99.5 MHz||Fm One|
|100.5 MHz||Fm La Máquina|
|102.1 MHz||Fm Ñandutí|
|102.5 MHz||Fm Cls|
|102.9 MHz||Radio Vox|
|103.9 MHz||Radio Fan|
|104.9 MHz||Fm Avivamiento|
|106.5 MHz||Radio Quilmes FM|
St George's College, a British international school, is in Quilmes.
Escuela Municipal De Bellas Artes (EMBA), a free, municipal art school.
- "Falling Rain Genomics". Retrieved 2008-01-02.
- "INDEC Census 2001".
- "Argentina 1893" Archived May 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. at RSSSF
- "Las dos fechas de Quilmes" by Oscar Barnade, Clarín, 6 November 2006
- Club information, Quilmes website Archived June 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Home." St George's College. Retrieved on February 9, 2015. "Guido 800 (1878) Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina"
- "Municipal School of Fine Arts". Municipality of Quilmes. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archived 2016-03-12 at WebCite). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 17/51.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quilmes.|
- Municipality of Quilmes - Official Quilmes website (Spanish)
- UKULA Travel Section - Quilmes Travelogue
- Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish) (Spanish)