Proclamation of the Republic (Brazil)
Proclamation of the Republic, 1893, oil on canvas by Benedito Calixto (1853-1927)
|Date||November 15, 1889|
|Location||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
Deodoro da Fonseca|
|Outcome||Fall of the Empire of Brazil, ban on the Imperial family and the creation of the provisional republican government|
The Proclamation of the Republic was a significant event in the history of Brazil. It was a military coup d'état that occurred on November 15, 1889, which established First Brazilian Republic (República Velha), overthrowing the constitutional monarchy of the Empire of Brazil and ending the reign of Emperor Dom Pedro II.
The proclamation of the Republic took place in Rio de Janeiro, then capital of the Empire of Brazil, when a group of military officers of the Brazilian Army, led by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, staged a coup d'état without the use of violence, deposing the Emperor of Brazil, Dom Pedro II, and the President of the Council of Ministers of the Empire, the Viscount of Ouro Preto.