Politics of the Republic of the Congo

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of the Congo

Politics of the Republic of the Congo takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. However, following the approval of a new Constitution in a 2015 referendum, Congo will become a semi-presidential republic with a Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the parliament.

Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Denis Sassou-Nguesso Labour Party 25 October 1997

Legislative branch

The Parliament (Parlement) has two chambers. The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) elects its members to five-year terms in single-seat constituencies. The members of the Senate (Sénat) are elected for a six-year term by district, local and regional councils. The Republic of Congo is a one party dominant state with the Congolese Labour Party in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.

Political parties and elections

For other political parties, see List of political parties in the Republic of Congo. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in the Republic of the Congo.
 Summary of the 10 March 2002 Congolese presidential election results
Candidates - Parties %
Denis Sassou-Nguesso - Congolese Labour Party (Parti Congolais du Travail)/United Democratic Forces (Forces Démocratiques Unies) 89.4
Kignomba Kia Mbougou - Pan-African Union for Social-Democracy (Union Panafricaine pour la Démocratie Sociale) 2.8
Angèle Bandou - Party of the Poor (Parti des Pauvres) 2.3
Jean Félix Demba Telo 1.7
Luc Adamo Mateta - Convention for Democracy and Salvation (Convention pour la Démocratie et le Salut) 1.6
Come Mankasse - Congolese Union of Republicans (Union Congolais des Républicains) 1.3
Bonaventure Mizidy - Republican and Liberal Party (Parti Républicain et Liberal) 1.0
Total (turnout 74.7 %) 100.0
Source: Supreme Court of the Republic of Congo
 Summary of the 24 June and 5 August 2007 Republic of the Congo parliamentary election results
Parties Seats
(1st round)
(2nd round)
Congolese Party of Labour (Parti Congolais du Travail) 22 25 47
Independents 8 29 37
Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (Mouvement Congolais pour la Démocratie et le Développement Intégral) 4 7 11
Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (Union Panafricaine pour la Démocratie Sociale) 3 8 11
Action Movement for Renewal (Mouvement Action Renouveau) 3 2 5
Movement for Solidarity and Development (Mouvement pour la Solidarité et le Développement) 1 2 3
Club 2002 1 2 3
Take Action for Congo (AGIR pour le Congo) 1 2 3
New Democratic Forces (Forces Démocratiques Nouvelles) 0 3 3
Patriotic Union for Democracy and Progress (Union Patriotique pour la Démocratie et le Progrès) 0 2 2
Rally for Democracy and Social Progress (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès Social) 0 2 2
Union for the Republic (Union pour la République) 0 2 2
Union for Progress (Union pour le Progrès) 0 2 2
Union for Democracy and the Republic (Union pour la Démocratie et la République) 0 1 1
Union of Democratic Forces (Union des Forces Démocratiques) 0 1 1
Movement for Democracy and Progess (Mouvement pour la Démocratie et le Progrès) 0 1 1
Youth in Movement (Jeunesse en Mouvement) 0 1 1
Citizen Rally (Rassemblement Citoyen) 0 1 1
The Life Party (Parti la Vie) 0 1 1
Total 43 94 137
Source: Xinhua, Panapress, IPU, E-polytika, AngolaPress, Congopage

International organization participation

ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UDEAC, UN (Security Council member for 2006/2007), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO


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