Approximate location of Pan Pan.
|Today part of||Malaysia|
Part of a series on the
|History of Malaysia|
Pan Pan or Panpan is a lost small Hindu Kingdom believed to have existed around the 3rd to 7th Century CE. somewhere in Kelantan or Terengganu, Malaysia. It is speculated to be related to Pan tan i (the Pattani Kingdom), which occupied the same area many centuries later, and has some differences in culture and language to other Malay regions nearby.
Little is known about this kingdom. The kingdom was later conquered by Srivijaya under the leadership of Dharmasetu before 775 CE.
From the period of 424 to 453, the kingdom sent its first missions to China.:52 From here, Kaundinya II is said to have tried to re-introduce Hinduism to the Kingdom of Funan on the other side of the Gulf of Siam.
During the Chinese Southern and Northern Dynasties, in the years 529, 533, 534, 535 and 571 the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to China. In the years 616 and 637, the Kingdom of Pan Pan sent tribute to Tang dynasty.
- Dougald J. W. O'Reilly (2007). Early Civilizations of Southeast Asia. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0-7591-0279-1.
- Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. pp. 130–131. ISBN 981-4155-67-5.
- Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella, ed. The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
- Hall, D.G.E. (1981). A History of South-East Asia, Fourth Edition. Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd. p. 38. ISBN 0-333-24163-0.
- Annals of Liang dynasty. Annals of Chen dynasty
- Annal of Tang dynasty. Foreign countries at the South.