Crown Colony of Labuan

Crown Colony of Labuan
Pulau Labuan
British colony



1912–1946 flag
Flag Badge
God Save the King/Queen
   Labuan today, in    Malaysia
Capital Victoria
   1837–1901 Queen Victoria
  1936–1952 George VI
First Governor
  1847–1852 James Brooke
Historical era British Empire
   Establishment of the colony 1848
  Transferred to North Borneo 1890
  Incorporated into Straits Settlements 1906
  Japanese occupation 1941
   Labuan to North Borneo Crown 15 July 1946
  Federation 16 September 1963
Area 91.64 km² (35 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bruneian Empire
North Borneo
Straits Settlements
Japanese occupation of British Borneo
North Borneo
Straits Settlements
Japanese occupation of British Borneo
Crown Colony of North Borneo
Today part of  Malaysia

Labuan, made up of the main Labuan Island and six smaller islands (Burung Island, Daat Island, Kuraman Island, Papan Island, Rusukan Kecil Island, and Rusukan Besar Island). Since 15th century, Labuan was part of Brunei and the island became the shelter for the ships from storms and pirate attacks. Later on in 1846, Labuan was ceded to Great Britain in 1848 to became a Crown colony under the Treaty of Labuan.

In 1890, it came to be administered by the British North Borneo Company. It was reverted to British government rule in 1904. Then, on 1 January 1907, it joined the Straits Settlements and had been administered from Singapore, the capital of the Straits Settlements.

During World War II, Labuan was occupied by Japan from December 1941 to June 1945 and governed as part of the Northern Borneo military unit by the Japanese 37th Army. Labuan was renamed Maida Island (Pulau Maida, 前田島 Maeda-shima) after Marquis Toshinari Maeda, the first commander of Japanese forces in northern Borneo. The liberation of Borneo began on 10 June 1945 when the Allied Forces under the command of General McArthur landed at Labuan with a convoy of 100 ships. The 9th Australian Division launched an attack supported by massive air and sea bombardments that resulted in the surrender of the Japanese. On 9 September 1945, General Masao Baba, commander of Japanese military, surrendered at the Layang-layang beach before Major General George F. Wooten, commander of Australian 9th Division. Labuan assumed its former name and was under British military administration along with the rest of the Straits Settlements, then joined to the Crown Colony of North Borneo, on 15 July 1946, which in turn became a part of Malaysia as the state of Sabah on 16 September 1963.

Labuan was later separated from Sabah, becoming a Federal Territory, administered by the federal government, on 16 April 1984.


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