|Comune di Nuoro|
Redeemer's Statue, Monte Ortobene
Location of Nuoro in Sardinia
|Coordinates: IT 40°19′N 09°20′E / 40.317°N 9.333°ECoordinates: IT 40°19′N 09°20′E / 40.317°N 9.333°E|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Nuoro (NU)|
|• Mayor||Andrea Soddu (civic list and Sardinian Action Party)|
|• Total||192.27 km2 (74.24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||554 m (1,818 ft)|
|Population (January 1, 2012)|
|• Density||190/km2 (490/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Santa Maria della Neve|
|Saint day||August 5|
Nuoro (Italian pronunciation: [ˈnuːoro] listen or less correctly [ˈnwɔːro]; Sardinian: Nùgoro [ˈnuɣoɾo]) is a city and comune (municipality) in central-eastern Sardinia, Italy, situated on the slopes of the Monte Ortobene. It is the capital of the province of Nuoro. With a population of 36,347 (2011), it is the sixth-largest city in Sardinia.
Birthplace of several renowned artists, including writers, poets, painters, and sculptors, Nuoro hosts some of the most important museums in Sardinia. It is considered an important cultural center of the region and it has been referred as the "Atene sarda" (Sardinian Athens). Nuoro is the hometown of Grazia Deledda, the first and only Italian woman to win (1926) the Nobel Prize in Literature.
The earliest traces of human settlement in the Nuoro area (called " the Nuorese") are the so-called Domus de janas, rock-cut tombs dated at the third millennium BC. However, fragments of ceramics of the Ozieri culture have also been discovered and dated at c. 3500 BC.
The Nuorese was a centre of the Nuragic civilization (which developed in Sardinia from c. 1500 BC to c. 250 BC), as attested by more than 30 Nuragic sites, such has the village discovered in the countryside of Tanca Manna, just outside Nuoro, which was made of about 800 huts.
The Nuorese was crossed by a Roman road which connected Karalis (Cagliari) to Ulbia (Olbia). The legacy of the Roman colonization can especially be found in the variety of the Sardinian language which is still spoken today in Nuoro: Sardu nugoresu is considered the most conservative lect of the Romance family.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Sardinia was held first by the Vandals and then by the Byzantines. According to the letters of Pope Gregory I, a Romanized and Christianized culture (that of the provinciales) co-existed with several Pagan cultures (those of the Gens Barbaricina, i.e. "Barbarian People") mainly located in the island's interior. As the Byzantine control waned, the Giudicati appeared. A small village known as Nugor appears on a medieval map from 1147. In the two following centuries it grew to more than 1000 inhabitants. Nuoro remained a town of average importance under the Aragonese and Spanish domination of Sardinia, until famine and plague struck it in the late 17th century.
After the annexation to the Kingdom of Sardinia, the town became the administrative center of the area, obtaining the title of city in 1836.
- Sardinian Ethnographic Museum (Museo Etnografico Sardo).
- Grazia Deledda's Museum (Museo Deleddiano).
- M.A.N., Museo d’Arte Provincia di Nuoro (Modern Art Museum of the Nuoro Province).
- National Archeological Museum Nuoro (Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Nuoro).
- Museo Ciusa, Museum dedicated to Francesco Ciusa and other artists
Monuments and historical sites
- Cattedrale della Madonna della Neve
- Piazza Sebastiano Satta
- Chiesa di Nostra Signora delle Grazie
- Chiesa della Solitudine
- The Redeemer's statue, Monte Ortobene, the 7 meters tall Vincenzo Gerace's bronze statue installed the 29th August 1901.
- Nuraghe Ugolio
- Chiesa di San Carlo, church built in the XVII century containing a copy of Francesco Ciusa's masterpiece La madre dell'ucciso.
- Sas Birghines, Domus de Janas located in Monte Ortobene
- Sanctuary Madonna of Montenero, Monte Ortobene
Nuoro is served by the SS 131 DCN (Olbia-Abbasanta), the SS 129 (Orosei-Macomer), and the SS 389 (Monti-Lanusei). It is connected by train (FdS) to Macomer and by bus (ARST, Azienda Regionale Sarda Trasporti) to Cagliari, Sassari, Olbia, and to several minor centres in the province and the region. ATP Nuoro's bus system provides service within the city.
- Giampietro Chironi (1855–1918), senator
- Franceschino Guiso-Gallisai (1859-1933) Knight, Order of Merit for Labour
- Antonio Ballero (1864–1932), writer, painter
- Sebastiano Satta (1867–1914), poet, lawyer
- Pasquale Dessanai (1868–1919), poet
- Grazia Deledda (1871–1936), writer, winner Nobel Prize
- Francesco Ciusa (1883–1949), sculptor, winner Biennale di Venezia
- Attilio Deffenu (1890–1918), trade unionist
- Gonario Pinna (1898–1991), writer, politician, lawyer
- Salvatore Mannironi (1901, 1971), politician, Ministry of Commercial Navy
- Salvatore Satta (1902–1975), jurist, writer
- Giovanni Ciusa Romagna (1907–1958), painter
- Maria Giacobbe (born 1928), writer and essayist
- Sebastiano Mannironi (born 1930), athlete. Olympic games medal winner.
- Franco Oppo (born 1935), composer
- Romano Ruiu (1935–1974), writer, poet, playwright
- Piero Marras (born 1949), singer-songwriter
- Giovanni Columbu (born 1949), film director
- Marcello Fois (born 1960), writer
- Flavio Manzoni (born 1967) car designer
- Salvatore Sirigu (born 1987), footballer
- Population data from Istat
- (Italian) DOP
- Probably from a root meaning "home" or "hearth" in Logudorese.
- Source: ISTAT
- Cultural Notes by the Comune of Nuoro (Italian)
- E. Corda, Atene Sarda. Storie di vita nuorese 1886-1946, Rusconi, 1992 - only available in Italian
- "Twinning Ceremony" (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-04-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nuoro.|
- Official Website (Italian)
- Official (Municipality) Tourism Website (Italian)
- Official (Region) Tourism Website
||Orani, Benetutti (Sassari)||Benetutti (Sassari), Orune||Orune, Dorgali|
|Orani||Mamoiada, Orgosolo||Orgosolo, Oliena|