Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge

The Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (German: Realenzyklopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche) is a religious encyclopedia. It is based on an earlier German encyclopedia, the Realencyklopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche. Like the Realencyklopädie, it focuses on Christianity from a primarily Protestant point of view.

Publishing history

The Realencyklopädie's publishing history was:[1]

The Schaff-Herzog's publishing history was:[1]

Christian Classics Ethereal Library has digitized the work and made it available to be read online. Logos Bible Software is also undertaking a digitization project of it.


The idea of translating Herzog in a slightly condensed form occurred to John Henry Augustus Bomberger, a minister of the German Reformed Church, and then president of Ursinus College, Collegeville, Pennsylvania, and in 1856 he brought out in Philadelphia the first volume, whose title-page reads thus: The Protestant Theological and Ecclesiastical Encyclopedia: Being a Condensed Translation of Herzog’s Real Encyclopedia. With Additions from Other Sources. By Rev. J. H. A. Bomberger, D.D., Assisted by Distinguished Theologians of Various Denominations. Vol. I. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, x 1856. In this work he associated with himself twelve persons, all but one ministers. In 1860 he issued the second volume. But the American Civil War breaking out the next year put a stop to so costly an enterprise and it was never resumed. The first volume included the article "Concubinage", the second "Josiah". It had been issued in numbers, of which the last was the twelfth.[1]

In 1877 Professor Philip Schaff (1819–93) was asked by Dr. Herzog himself to undertake an English reproduction of the second edition of his encyclopedia, and this work was fairly begun when, in the autumn of 1880, Clemens Petersen and Samuel Macauley Jackson were engaged to work daily on it in Dr. Schaff’s study in the Bible House, New York City. The next year Dr. Schaff’s son, the Rev. David Schley Schaff, later professor of church history in the Western Theological Seminary, Allegheny, Pa., joined the staff. The original publishers were S. S. Scranton & Company, Hartford, Conn., but a change was made before the issue of the first volume and the encyclopedia was issued by Funk & Wagnalls. The title-page read thus: A Religious Encyclopædia: or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology. Based on the Real-Encyklopädie of Herzog, Plitt, and Hauck. Edited by Philip Schaff, D.D., LL.D., Professor in the Union Theological Seminary, New York. Associate editors: Rev. Samuel M. Jackson, M. A., and Rev. D. S. Schaff. Volume I. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, Publishers, 10 and 18 Dey Street. The first volume was issued Wednesday, November 1, 1882, the second Thursday, March 1, 1883, and the third Tuesday, March 4, 1884. Volume I. had pp. xix. 1-847; volume II. pp. xvii. 848-1714; and volume III. pp. xix. 1715-2631. In November, 1886, a revised edition was issued and at the same time the Encyclopedia of Living Divines and Christian Workers of All Denominations in Europe and America, Being a Supplement to Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. Edited by Rev. Philip Schaff, D.D., LL.D., and Rev. Samuel Macauley Jackson, M. A. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, Publishers, 18 and 20 Astor Place, 1887. In 1891 the third edition of the encyclopedia was issued and with it was incorporated the Encyclopedia of Living Divines, with an appendix, largely the work of Rev. George William Gilmore, bringing the biographical and literary notices down to December, 1890. The entire work was repaged sufficiently to make it one of four volumes of about equal size, and it is this four-volume edition which is known to the public as the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia, the volumes being respectively of pp. xlviii. 679 and four pages unnumbered; 680-1378; 1379-2086; iv. 2087-2629, viii. 296. As the German work at its base was overtaken by the time "S" had been reached, the Schaff-Herzog from that letter on was based on the first edition of Herzog. Therefore, much of its matter is now very old. Yet it has been a useful work, and in 1903 its publishers determined on a new edition based on the third edition of Herzog which had been appearing since 1896. But inasmuch as there was a space of ten years between the beginnings of the two works, it has been necessary to bring the matter from the German down to date. This end has been accomplished by two courses: first by securing from the German contributors to Herzog condensations of their contributions, in which way matter contributed to the German work has in many instances been brought down to date, and second by calling on department editors for supplementary matter.[1]

The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopædia of Religious Knowledge followed the previous editions. The points of similarities were:[1]

The points of dissimilarity were:[1]

Accuracy and datedness

The entry of the 1914 text into public domain in some countries brings with it the state of knowledge of 19th Century scholarship.



External links

The new Schaff-Herzog encyclopedia of religious knowledge, embracing Biblical, historical, doctrinal, and practical theology and Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical biography from the earliest times to the present day. edited by Samuel MacAuley Jackson (Volumes 2 to 12 have abbreviated title which vary slightly; volume 13 is an Index volume, it was edited by George William Gilmore).

Vol.YearFrom – toEditorInternet Archive (IA)Christian Classics Ethereal library (CCEL) Notes
1 1908 Aachen – Basilians Samuel MacAuley JacksonIA 1 CCEL 1
2 1908 Basilica – Chambers Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 2 CCEL 2
3 1909 Chamier - Draendorf Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 3 CCEL 3
4 1909 Draeseke - Goa Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 4 CCEL 4
5 1909 Goar - Innocent Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 5 CCEL 5
6 1910 Innocents - Liudger Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 6 CCEL 6
7 1910 Liutprand - Moralities Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 7 CCEL 7
8 1910 Morality - Petersen Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 8 CCEL 8
9 1911 Petri - Reuchlin Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 9 CCEL 9
10 1911 Reutsch - Son Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 10 CCEL 10
11 1911 Son of Man - Tremellius Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 11 CCEL 11
12 1912 Trench - Zwingli Samuel MacAuley Jackson IA 12 CCEL 12
13 1914 Index George William Gilmore IA 13 Index CCEL 13 Index
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