Michael Devine (hunger striker)
Michael James Devine|
26 May 1954
Derry, Northern Ireland
21 August 1981 27) (aged|
|Cause of death||Hunger strike|
|Known for||Hunger strike of 60 days, from 22 June 1981|
In 1960, when Devine was six years of age, the Devine family including his grandmother, sister Margaret and parents Patrick and Elizabeth, moved to the then newly built Creggan estate to the north of Derry city centre.
Devine was educated to a primary level at Holy Child Primary School, Creggan, and at secondary level in St. Joseph's Secondary School, also in the Creggan.
After British soldiers shot dead two unarmed civilians, Dessie Beattie and Raymond Cusack, Devine joined the James Connolly Republican Club in Derry in July 1971. Bloody Sunday had a deep impact on Devine. In the early 1970s, Devine joined the Labour Party and Young Socialists.
Devine helped found the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in 1975. In 1976, after an arms raid in County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland, Devine was arrested in Northern Ireland. He was convicted and sentenced to 12 years in prison. He joined the blanket protest before joining the hunger strike.
Devine participated in a brief hunger strike in 1980, which was called off without fatalities. On 22 June 1981, Devine joined the 1981 Irish hunger strike. He died on 20 August, the tenth and last of the hunger strikers to die.
- Hayden, Tom. "Between Hope and History", Los Angeles Times, August 19, 2001
- Tírghrá. National Commemoration Centre. 2002. p. 244. ISBN 0-9542946-0-2.
- Fallen Comrades of the IRSM - Michael Devine
- Cowan, Rosie. "Why I had to let my brother die", The Guardian, April 1, 2001
- Melaugh, Martin. "Conflict Archive on the Internet" (CAIN), University of Ulster