Cambodian enclaves are made up mostly of refugees from the country of Cambodia since the 1980s.
Cambodian presence in the West traces back to the French colonisation of Cambodia from the 1860s to mid-1950s, in which a number of Cambodians migrated to France as students or workers. This group formed the basis of the Cambodian population in France.
While some were able to flee to France shortly after the Khmer Rouge took over in 1975, most Cambodians left their country after the regime in the 1980s, with most arriving in the United States (specifically to Long Beach, California; Lowell, Massachusetts and the New York City borough of the Bronx), as well as France (specifically to Paris and the surrounding Île-de-France region).
Bronx, New York
In the Bronx, Little Cambodia is known for its "... spicy Cambodian noodle soup made with beef, shrimp and fish balls." The Cambodian population was mainly concentrated in the neighbourhoods of Fordham, University Heights and Bronx Park East areas. The Cambodian population in the Bronx and New York City has declined since the 1980s, as many of the Cambodian immigrants moved to California, Massachusetts and Texas.
- Buford Highway near Atlanta, Georgia, nicknamed "Chambodia" for the city is named Chamblee, Georgia. This is a common misnomer. There are actually very few Khmer businesses in the Buford Highway area. It is predominantly Chinese, Vietnamese, and Mexican.
Long Beach, California
Cambodia Town, Long Beach, California "... is a neighborhood in Long Beach's East Side centered on Anaheim Street between Atlantic and Junipero." The community has been around since 1959 which was made up of students from the nearby universities such as the University of Southern California, UCLA, and California State University at Los Angeles, to name a few.
- A business community in the Lower Highlands neighbourhood of Lowell, Massachusetts
White Center, Washington
- White Center, a suburb of Seattle, has a significant Cambodian-American community (642 Cambodian-Americans; 4.8% of the city's population). There are several Cambodian grocery stores, and Cambodian New Year is celebrated in this city.
With Asians comprising over 40% of the city's population, the Parisian suburb of Lognes has the highest proportion of Asians in France than any other city in the country. Vietnamese, Laotian and Cambodian business districts and community services are found throughout the commune. Cambodian community organisations, Buddhist temples and businesses are scattered around Lognes and Cambodians form the largest Asian group in the city.
- "Little Cambodia, Growing Still Littler". New York Times. 20 January 2008.
- "Atlanta's 'Chambodia,' a 'Burb With a Global Flavor". Washington Post.
- "Cambodia Town - Long Beach's Little Phnom Phen".
- "City of Lowell Recognizes Cambodia Town". City of Lowell. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Race Reporting for the Asian Population by Selected Categories: 2010 more information, U.S. Census Bureau
- Eskenazi, Stuart. White Center at a crossroads: Home-grown experiment in renewal, Seattle Times, 19 November 2003.
- Comment Lognes est devenue la première ville asiatique de France, Le Monde. 30 September 2005, (in French)