List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1970–79)
|Awarded by Government of India|
|Obverse||A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script|
|Previous name(s)||Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)|
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India, a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development. The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the journal. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are archived and required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register; none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1970–79 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, with the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of States, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.
When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg", a class-two award under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified for the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 3⁄4 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 3⁄16 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 1⁄16 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 1⁄4 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle. It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.
As the result of the 6th General election held in March 1977, Morarji Desai was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 24 March 1977 replacing the Indira Gandhi led government of the Indian National Congress. On 31 July, the newly formed government retracted all the civilian awards including the Padma Bhushan deeming them "worthless and politicized". After the 7th General election of 1980 Gandhi was again sworn in as the Prime Minister and all civilian awards were reinstated on 25 January 1980. Consequently, this award was not presented in 1978 and 1979.
A total of two hundred and five awards were presented in the 1970s – twenty-eight in 1970, followed by forty-one in 1971, fifty in 1972, seventeen in 1973, twenty-one in 1974, fifteen in 1975, sixteen in 1976 and seventeen in 1977, including eight foreign recipients. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes thirty-four from art, forty-three from civil services, forty-eight from literature and education, seventeen from medicine, three from public affairs, twenty-six from science and engineering, twenty-one from social work, one sports person, and twelve from trade and industry. Novelist Khushwant Singh, who accepted the award in 1974 in the field of literature and education, returned it in 1984 as a notion of protest against the Operation Blue Star.
|1970||Baij, RamkinkarRamkinkar Baij||Arts||West Bengal|
|1970||Barodekar, HirabaiHirabai Barodekar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1970||Bose, BuddhadebBuddhadeb Bose||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||Brahmam, M. R.M. R. Brahmam||Civil Service||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Chakravarty, AmiyaAmiya Chakravarty||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||Chettiar, T. S. AvinashilingamT. S. Avinashilingam Chettiar||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Ganguli, Birendra NathBirendra Nath Ganguli||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1970||Gupta, Lala HansrajLala Hansraj Gupta||Public Affairs||Haryana|
|1970||Joshi, Ratan LalRatan Lal Joshi||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1970||Jashuva, GurramGurram Jashuva||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Kajrolkar, Narayan SadobaNarayan Sadoba Kajrolkar||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1970||Kamala, KumariKumari Kamala||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Kelkar, Purushottam KashinathPurushottam Kashinath Kelkar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1970||Krishnan, M. S.M. S. Krishnan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Latif, Syed AbdulSyed Abdul Latif||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Mandloi , BhagwantraoBhagwantrao Mandloi||Public Affairs||Madhya Pradesh|
|1970||Mehray, Mahesh PrasadMahesh Prasad Mehray||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|1970||Mitra, SombhuSombhu Mitra||Arts||West Bengal|
|1970||Mukhopadhyaya, VivekanandaVivekananda Mukhopadhyaya||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1970||Ramiah, KrishnaswamiKrishnaswami Ramiah||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1970||Rao, Gainedi A. NarasimhaGainedi A. Narasimha Rao||Civil Service||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Sahasrabuddhe, Anant alias AnnasahebAnant alias Annasaheb Sahasrabuddhe||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1970||Saini, SurrendarSurrendar Saini||Social Work||Delhi|
|1970||Satyanarayana, ViswanathaViswanatha Satyanarayana||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1970||Thirakwa, Ahmed JanAhmed Jan Thirakwa||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1970||Wagle, N. M.N. M. Wagle||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1970||Wahi, Prem NathPrem Nath Wahi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1970||Yashpal, Yashpal||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1971||Ayyar, N. RamaswamiN. Ramaswami Ayyar||Social Work||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Bhan, SurajSuraj Bhan||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|1971||Bhatt, GokulbhaiGokulbhai Bhatt||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1971||Bhojak, JaishankarJaishankar Bhojak||Arts||Gujarat|
|1971||Chakravarti, Monindra NathMonindra Nath Chakravarti||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1971||Cherian, Kandathil MammenKandathil Mammen Cherian||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1971||De, Jogesh ChandraJogesh Chandra De||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Deshmukh, RamraoRamrao Deshmukh||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1971||Dhawan, SatishSatish Dhawan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1971||Garware, Bhalchandra DigambarBhalchandra Digambar Garware||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1971||Hangal, GangubaiGangubai Hangal||Arts||Karnataka|
|1971||Iyer, Musiri SubramaniaMusiri Subramania Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Iyer, P Tiruvillvamalai Seshan M.P Tiruvillvamalai Seshan M. Iyer||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Jain, Jainendra KumarJainendra Kumar Jain||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1971||Jaipuria, Mangtu RamMangtu Ram Jaipuria||Social Work||Delhi|
|1971||Jha, Veni ShankarVeni Shankar Jha||Literature & Education||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||Kapoor, RajRaj Kapoor||Arts||Punjab|
|1971||Keer, A. Vithal alias DhananjayA. Vithal alias Dhananjay Keer||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1971||Khan, AmirAmir Khan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1971||Khan, Nissar HussainNissar Hussain Khan||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||Kurup, P. Kalathil KunjuP. Kalathil Kunju Kurup||Arts||Kerala|
|1971||Laxman, R. K.R. K. Laxman||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1971||Mehta, Shantilal JamnadasShantilal Jamnadas Mehta||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1971||Mohan, Ved RattanVed Rattan Mohan||Trade & Industry||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||Mookerjee, Kedar NathKedar Nath Mookerjee||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Mukerji, Santosh KumarSantosh Kumar Mukerji||Medicine||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||Mukhopadhyaya, BishnupadaBishnupada Mukhopadhyaya||Medicine||Bihar|
|1971||Panigrahi, Kalindi CharanKalindi Charan Panigrahi||Literature & Education||Odisha|
|1971||Patel, Manibhai J.Manibhai J. Patel||Trade & Industry||Madhya Pradesh|
|1971||Pattammal, D. K.D. K. Pattammal||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Phulambrikar, KrishnaraoKrishnarao Phulambrikar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1971||Pillai, Venkatarama RamalingamVenkatarama Ramalingam Pillai||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Ramalingaswami, VulimiriVulimiri Ramalingaswami||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Roy, Suresh ChandraSuresh Chandra Roy||Trade & Industry||West Bengal|
|1971||Sukhatme, Pandurang VasudeoPandurang Vasudeo Sukhatme||Science & Engineering||–|
|1971||Sambamoorthi, PichuPichu Sambamoorthi||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1971||Shah, Devchand ChhaganlalDevchand Chhaganlal Shah||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1971||Singh, Madan MohanMadan Mohan Singh||Medicine||Delhi|
|1971||Verma, Bhagwati CharanBhagwati Charan Verma||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1971||Verma, Parmeshwari LalParmeshwari Lal Verma||Civil Service||Chandigarh|
|1971||Vij, Kasturi LalKasturi Lal Vij||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Aurora, Jagjit SinghJagjit Singh Aurora||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Bagal, MadhavraoMadhavrao Bagal||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1972||Bedi, Surinder SinghSurinder Singh Bedi||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Bewoor, Gopal GurunathGopal Gurunath Bewoor||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Billimoria, Gulestan RustomGulestan Rustom Billimoria||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1972||Candeth, Kunhiraman PalatKunhiraman Palat Candeth||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Chakravarti, Ram NarayanRam Narayan Chakravarti||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1972||Chhutani, Pran NathPran Nath Chhutani||Literature & Education||Chandigarh|
|1972||Dasappa, YashodharaYashodhara Dasappa||Social Work||Karnataka|
|1972||Dayal, MaheshwarMaheshwar Dayal||Social Work||Delhi|
|1972||Dewan, Hari ChandHari Chand Dewan||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Engineer, Minoo MerwanMinoo Merwan Engineer||Civil Service||Gujarat|
|1972||Ghosh, Benoy BhushanBenoy Bhushan Ghosh||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1972||Gill, Inderjit SinghInderjit Singh Gill||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1972||Hayath, Mohd.Mohd. Hayath||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Hiranandani, Lakhumal HiranandLakhumal Hiranand Hiranandani||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||Iyer, L. A. KrishnaL. A. Krishna Iyer||Science & Engineering||Kerala|
|1972||Kohli, Sourendra NathSourendra Nath Kohli||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Krishna, JaiJai Krishna||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|1972||Krishnan, NilakantaNilakanta Krishnan||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Kumar, AshwiniAshwini Kumar||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Luthra, Pran NathPran Nath Luthra||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Mody, Amrut V.Amrut V. Mody||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1972||Murti, N.G. KrishnaN.G. Krishna Murti||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1972||Pai, T. A.T. A. Pai||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1972||Patwardhan, VinayakraoVinayakrao Patwardhan||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1972||Phadke, Dattatraya YeshwantDattatraya Yeshwant Phadke||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1972||Philip, Kayalath PothenKayalath Pothen Philip||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1972||Purandare, Bhalchandra NilkanthBhalchandra Nilkanth Purandare||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||Raina, Tapishwar NarainTapishwar Narain Raina||Civil Service||Jammu & Kashmir|
|1972||Ram, BharatBharat Ram||Trade & Industry||Delhi|
|1972||Randhawa, Mohinder SinghMohinder Singh Randhawa||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1972||Rangacharya, AdyaAdya Rangacharya||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1972||Rao, M. B. RamachandraM. B. Ramachandra Rao||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1972||Rao, Ayyagari SambasivaAyyagari Sambasiva Rao||Science & Engineering||Andhra Pradesh|
|1972||Roy, Sujoy B.Sujoy B. Roy||Medicine||West Bengal|
|1972||Rustamji, Khusro FaramurzKhusro Faramurz Rustamji||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|1972||Sahi, S. S.S. S. Sahi||Civil Service||Chandigarh|
|1972||Sheth, Shantilal C.Shantilal C. Sheth||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1972||Singh, BaldevBaldev Singh||Medicine||Delhi|
|1972||Singh, Khem KaranKhem Karan Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Singh, SartajSartaj Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Singh, SagatSagat Singh||Civil Service||Punjab|
|1972||Sircar, BirendranathBirendranath Sircar||Arts||Bihar|
|1972||Sivan, PapanasamPapanasam Sivan||Arts||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Srivastava, Chandrika PrasadChandrika Prasad Srivastava||Civil Service||–|
|1972||Swaminathan, M. S.M. S. Swaminathan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1972||Swaminathan, KrishnaswamiKrishnaswami Swaminathan||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1972||Tilak, Bal DattatreyaBal Dattatreya Tilak||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1972||Zaheer, Syed HusainSyed Husain Zaheer||Trade & Industry||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Bahl, Om P.Om P. Bahl||Science & Engineering||–|
|1973||Bhagavathar, C. VaidyanathaC. Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar||Arts||Kerala|
|1973||Captain, Gosasp Maneckji SorabjiGosasp Maneckji Sorabji Captain||Social Work||Maharashtra|
|1973||Chattopadhyay, HarindranathHarindranath Chattopadhyay||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Chaturvedi, BanarsidasBanarsidas Chaturvedi||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1973||Chettiar, M. A. MuthiahM. A. Muthiah Chettiar||Trade & Industry||Tamil Nadu|
|1973||Husain, M. F.M. F. Husain||Arts||Delhi|
|1973||Joseph, PothanPothan Joseph||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1973||Malkani, N. R.N. R. Malkani||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1973||Mankad, VinooVinoo Mankad||Sports||Gujarat|
|1973||Mukherjee, Sudhir KrishnaSudhir Krishna Mukherjee||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1973||Muzumdar, Ramakant MaheshwarRamakant Maheshwar Muzumdar||Civil Service||Karnataka|
|1973||Pandit, Krishnarao ShankarKrishnarao Shankar Pandit||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1973||Pant, PitambarPitambar Pant||Civil Service||Uttar Pradesh|
|1973||Raghavaiah, VennelakantiVennelakanti Raghavaiah||Social Work||Andhra Pradesh|
|1973||Ramanna, RajaRaja Ramanna||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1973||Sukumaran, K.K. Sukumaran||Literature & Education||Kerala|
|1974||Boner, AliceAlice Boner||Arts||–|
|1974||Bulcke, CamilleCamille Bulcke||Literature & Education||–|
|1974||Caroli, Ram KumarRam Kumar Caroli||Medicine||Uttar Pradesh|
|1974||Chandra, MotiMoti Chandra||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1974||Ganguly, Dhirendra NathDhirendra Nath Ganguly||Arts||West Bengal|
|1974||Gundappa , D. V.D. V. Gundappa||Literature & Education||Karnataka|
|1974||Huzurbazar, Vasant ShankarVasant Shankar Huzurbazar||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1974||Kar, ChintamoniChintamoni Kar||Arts||West Bengal|
|1974||Kurdikar, MogubaiMogubai Kurdikar||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1974||Naik, Jayant PandurangJayant Pandurang Naik||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1974||Rahman, HabibHabib Rahman||Science & Engineering||Delhi|
|1974||Reddy, Bommireddy NarasimhaBommireddy Narasimha Reddy||Arts||Andhra Pradesh|
|1974||Richardson, JohnJohn Richardson||Social Work||Andaman & Nicobar Islands|
|1974||Sadasivan, Toppur SeethapathyToppur Seethapathy Sadasivan||Science & Engineering||Tamil Nadu|
|1974||Sanghvi, SukhlalSukhlal Sanghvi||Literature & Education||Gujarat|
|1974||Sankalia, Hasmukh DhirajlalHasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia||Civil Service||Maharashtra|
|1974||Sen, Bhupati MohanBhupati Mohan Sen||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1974||Singh, Thakur JaidevaThakur Jaideva Singh||Science & Engineering||Uttar Pradesh|
|1974||Singh, KhushwantKhushwant Singh||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1974||Sreenivasan, ArunachalaArunachala Sreenivasan||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1974||Viswanathan, RamanRaman Viswanathan||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1975||Akhtar, BegumBegum Akhtar||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1975||Athwal, Dilbagh SinghDilbagh Singh Athwal||Science & Engineering||–|
|1975||Chatterjee, AsimaAsima Chatterjee||Science & Engineering||West Bengal|
|1975||Gore, Madhav SadashivMadhav Sadashiv Gore||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1975||Gupta, Pratul ChandraPratul Chandra Gupta||Literature & Education||West Bengal|
|1975||Iyengar, P. KrishnagopalaP. Krishnagopala Iyengar||Science & Engineering||Maharashtra|
|1975||Jussawala, Darab JehangirDarab Jehangir Jussawala||Medicine||Maharashtra|
|1975||Khanna, Raj KumarRaj Kumar Khanna||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1975||Koteswaram, PanchetiPancheti Koteswaram||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1975||Mirashi, Vasudev VishnuVasudev Vishnu Mirashi||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1975||Mukhopadhyay, Balai ChandBalai Chand Mukhopadhyay||Literature & Education||Bihar|
|1975||Narang, Kirpal SinghKirpal Singh Narang||Literature & Education||Punjab|
|1975||Narielwala, P. ArdeshirP. Ardeshir Narielwala||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1975||Noronha, R. Carltonvivian PiadadeR. Carltonvivian Piadade Noronha||Civil Service||Madhya Pradesh|
|1975||Shastri, RatanRatan Shastri||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1976||Adiseshiah, MalcolmMalcolm Adiseshiah||Civil Service||Tamil Nadu|
|1976||Bachchan, Harivansh RaiHarivansh Rai Bachchan||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1976||Barua, NabakantaNabakanta Barua||Literature & Education||Assam|
|1976||Godrej, Naoroji PirojshaNaoroji Pirojsha Godrej||Trade & Industry||Maharashtra|
|1976||Joshi, Laxmanshastri BalajiLaxmanshastri Balaji Joshi||Literature & Education||Maharashtra|
|1976||Jung, Zehra Ali YavarZehra Ali Yavar Jung||Social Work||Andhra Pradesh|
|1976||Mansur, MallikarjunMallikarjun Mansur||Arts||Karnataka|
|1976||Mehta, Shri RamShri Ram Mehta||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1976||Pal, YashYash Pal||Science & Engineering||Punjab|
|1976||Pandya, BhogilalBhogilal Pandya||Social Work||Rajasthan|
|1976||Rao, Udupi RamachandraUdupi Ramachandra Rao||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1976||Sanjivi, Krishnaswami SrinivasKrishnaswami Srinivas Sanjivi||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1976||Krishnasastri, DevulapalliDevulapalli Krishnasastri||Literature & Education||Andhra Pradesh|
|1976||Sen, DevendraDevendra Sen||Civil Service||West Bengal|
|1976||Sivaramamurti, CalamburCalambur Sivaramamurti||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1976||Sudarshan, E. C. GeorgeE. C. George Sudarshan||Literature & Education||–|
|1977||Aman, GopinathGopinath Aman||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1977||Azad, Prithvi SinghPrithvi Singh Azad||Public Affairs||Chandigarh|
|1977||Chandra, HarishHarish Chandra||Literature & Education||–|
|1977||Gandharv, Shivputra Sidhram Komkali alias KumarShivputra Sidhram Komkali alias Kumar Gandharv||Arts||Madhya Pradesh|
|1977||Guha, PhulrenuPhulrenu Guha||Social Work||West Bengal|
|1977||Jagmohan, Jagmohan||Civil Service||Delhi|
|1977||Kaul, Kailas NathKailas Nath Kaul||Literature & Education||Uttar Pradesh|
|1977||Khan, Yousuf HussainYousuf Hussain Khan||Literature & Education||Delhi|
|1977||Nair, Chackachanveedu KrishnanChackachanveedu Krishnan Nair||Social Work||Delhi|
|1977||Narayanaswamy, K. S.K. S. Narayanaswamy||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1977||Pandya, Paramsukh J.Paramsukh J. Pandya||Arts||Maharashtra|
|1977||Ramamurthi, BalasubramaniamBalasubramaniam Ramamurthi||Medicine||Tamil Nadu|
|1977||Reddy, Perugu SivaPerugu Siva Reddy||Medicine||Andhra Pradesh|
|1977||Shankar, Annapurna RaviAnnapurna Ravi Shankar||Arts||Uttar Pradesh|
|1977||Singh, YudhvirYudhvir Singh||Social Work||Delhi|
|1977||Srinivas, Mysore NarasimhacharMysore Narasimhachar Srinivas||Science & Engineering||Karnataka|
|1977||Meenakshisundaram, T. P.T. P. Meenakshisundaram||Literature & Education||Tamil Nadu|
- Non-citizen recipients
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The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
- "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
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- Krishna, TM (2013). A Southern Music. HarperCollins Publishers India. p. 209. ISBN 978-93-5029-822-0.
- Ramaswamy, Vijaya (2007). Historical Dictionary of the Tamils. Scarecrow Press. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-8108-6445-0.
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