Lazarus Fuchs

Lazarus Fuchs

Lazarus Immanuel Fuchs (18331902)
Born (1833-05-05)5 May 1833
Moschin, Prussia
Died 26 April 1902(1902-04-26) (aged 68)
Berlin, German Empire
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Institutions University of Greifswald
University of Heidelberg
University of Berlin
University of Göttingen
Alma mater University of Berlin
Doctoral advisor Karl Weierstraß
Doctoral students Gerhard Hessenberg
Edmund Landau
Hermann Schapira
Ludwig Schlesinger
Issai Schur
Theodor Vahlen
Ernst Zermelo
Known for Fuchsian groups
Picard–Fuchs equation
Fuchs's theorem
Influences Ernst Kummer
Influenced Jules Henri Poincaré
Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan
Felix Christian Klein

Lazarus Immanuel Fuchs (5 May 1833 26 April 1902) was a German mathematician who contributed important research in the field of linear differential equations.[1] He was born in Moschin (Mosina) (located in Grand Duchy of Posen) and died in Berlin, Germany. He was buried in Schöneberg in the St. Matthew's Cemetery. His grave in section H is preserved and listed as a grave of honour of the State of Berlin.

He is the eponym of Fuchsian groups and functions, and the Picard–Fuchs equation. A singular point a of a linear differential equation

is called Fuchsian if p and q are meromorphic at the point a, and have poles of orders at most 1 and 2, respectively. According to a theorem of Fuchs, this condition is necessary and sufficient for the regularity of the singular point, that is to the existence of two linearly independent solutions of the form

where the exponents can be determined from the equation. In the case when is an integer this formula has to be modified.

Another well-known result of Fuchs is the Fuchs's conditions, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the non-linear differential equation of the form

to be free of movable singularities.

Lasarus Fuchs was the father of Richard Fuchs, a German mathematician.

Selected works


  1. Wilczynski, E. J. (1902). "Lazarus Fuchs". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 9 (1): 46–49. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1902-00952-x. MR 1557937.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 2/20/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.