Top left: A sightseeing train at Sagano Sightseeing Line, Top right: Kameoka Castle site, Middle left: Hozu Valley, Middle right:Kameoka Izumo Shrine, Bottom: A sightseeing boat at Hozu Valley
Location of Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture
Location in Japan
|Coordinates: 35°1′N 135°34′E / 35.017°N 135.567°ECoordinates: 35°1′N 135°34′E / 35.017°N 135.567°E|
|• Mayor||Takahiro Katsuragawa|
|• Total||224.80 km2 (86.80 sq mi)|
|Population (October 1, 2015)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City hall address||
8 Yasumachi Nonogami, Kameoka-shi, Kyōto-fu|
Kameoka abuts Kyoto to the east and is located to the north of Osaka. It is on the border line between former Tanba and Yamashiro providences. Together with Nantan city, the region is known as Southern Tanba, Kuchitan or Nanatan. For centuries, Kameoka served as a key transportation point to connect San'in region and Tanba providence with Kyoto. Today, the city serves as one of the fastest growing suburbs of Metro Kyoto, and Metro Osaka.
Kameoka is notable as the launch point for Hozugawa Kudari, a boat ride down the Hozu River. It is also the location of Anaoji Temple, one of the 21 temples in western Japan authorized to issue amulets in the name of the Boddhisattva Kannon.
Historically, the area served as a farming community for Kyoto, Japan's former capital. For centuries, area farmers provided ingredients used for traditional Japanese food served in Kyoto including chestnuts, black beans, azuki, rice, matsutake, yams, and daikon. In addition, farmers in the city provide beef, chicken and ayu (also known as sweetfish).
In the past, Kameoka was known as Kameyama and served as the provincial capital for Tamba province.
- 300 BCE - Rice farming colonies were built throughout the area
- 741 - Emperor Shōmu established kokubunji, provincial temples
- 8th century - beginning to grow as a suburb of Nagaokakyo and Heian-kyo (the area was reigned by Seiwa Genji)
- 1333 - Takauji Ashikaga raised his army in Kameoka to settle the Genko Rebellion in Kyoto
- 1577 - Under the direction of Nobunaga Oda, Mitsuhide Akechi erected Kameyama Castle
- 1582 - Mitsuhide Akechi raised his army in Kameoka to assassinate Nobunaga Oda and Nobutada Oda in Kyoto: The Incident at Honnō-ji
- 1869 - Kameyama was renamed Kameoka
Notable people from Kameoka
Lords of Kameoka
- Knittelfeld, Austria - April 14, 1964
- Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA - November 3, 1985
- Jandira, Brazil - November 3, 1980
- Suzhou, China - December 31, 1996
- "Diplomfilme - Haru Ichiban (Frühlingssturm)". Zürcher Hochschule der Künste. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
- "International Exchange: List of Sister Cities". Kyoto Prefecture. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
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