Josiah Champagné

Josiah Champagné
5th General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
In office
February 1799  1799
Preceded by Pierre Frédéric de Meuron
Succeeded by Hay MacDowall
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank General

General Josiah Champagné was the fifth General Officer Commanding, Ceylon. He was appointed in February 1799 until 1799. He was succeeded by Hay MacDowall.


Champagné joined the Army on 28 January 1775 as an ensign in the 31st Regiment of Foot. In March 1776 he embarked with his regiment, landed in America in May, and remained on active service till the peace, when he returned to England. On 11 July 1777 he obtained his lieutenancy, in April 1783 a company in the 99th Regiment of Foot, and in March 1784 a company in the 3rd Regiment of Foot.[1]

Captain Champagné joined his corps in May 1784 in Jamaica, and in 1785 went with the expedition to the Spanish main; he continued in the West Indies five years, then returned to England. In 1793 he again embarked for the West Indies under Sir Charles Grey, but proceeded to the relief of Nieuport. On 18 September he was appointed to a majority in the 80th Regiment of Foot and on 19 December to a lieutenant-colonelcy. In 1794 he again went to the Continent, and returned with the army in 1795. He twice embarked in the latter year in command of his regiment for the coast of France: the misfortune at Quiberon prevented the first expedition from proceeding beyond Plymouth; the second, under Major-General Doyle, took possession of Isle Dieu, and remained on that service until January 1796, when he returned to England.[1]

In March 1796 Lieutenant-Colonel Champagné embarked in command of his regiment for the Cape of Good Hope, and at the close of the year sailed with the regiment for the East Indies. On 26 January 1797 he was appointed colonel by brevet, and in 1800 to the command of an expedition against Batavia, with the rank of brigadier-general, but which was subsequently countermanded. In 1801 he was appointed second-in-command to the army that sailed from India for Egypt. In 1803 he returned to England, and on 25 September that year was appointed major-general. On 25 July 1810 he was promoted lieutenant-general. He was colonel of the 41st Regiment of Foot on 25 February 1810, from which he was removed to the colonelcy of the 17th Regiment of Foot on 14 June 1819.[1] He was promoted full general on 19 July 1821. [2]


  1. 1 2 3 John Philippart, The Royal Military Calendar (1821) vol. II, pp. 140–141.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 17727. p. 1509. 20 July 1821.
Military offices
Preceded by
Pierre Frédéric de Meuron
General Officer Commanding, Ceylon
Succeeded by
Hay MacDowall
Honorary titles
Preceded by
New regiment
Colonel of the Malay Regiment
(1st Ceylon Regiment from 1807)

Succeeded by
Frederick Maitland
Preceded by
Hay MacDowall
Colonel of the 41st Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Stopford
Preceded by
George Garth
Colonel of the 17th (the Leicestershire) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Augustus Wetherall
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