Jikki in late 1940s
|Birth name||P.G. Krishnaveni|
|Also known as||Jikki|
3 November 1935|
|Origin||Chandragiri, Madras Presidency, British India now in Andhra Pradesh|
16 August 2004 68) (aged|
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Genres||Film music (playback singing), Indian classical music|
Pillavalu Gajapathi Krishnaveni, more famously known as Jikki, was a popular playback singer from Andhra Pradesh. She sang around 1,00,000 songs in Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi and Sinhala languages. Her mother tongue was Telugu. She spoke Tamil fluently.
Jikki was born in Chennai on 3 November 1935. Her parents Gajapathi Naidu and Rajakanthamma, a Telugu family, had moved from Chandragiri, near Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh to Chennai for their livelihood.
Her uncle, Devaraju Naidu, worked as a music composer with the celebrated Kannada theatre legend and movie pioneer Gubbi Veeranna and this introduced the young good-looking girl to the music and film world.
Krishnaveni began her career as a child artist in 1943 and played a minor role in a Telugu movie named Panthulamma, directed by Gudavalli Ramabrahmam. In 1946, she appeared in the movie Mangalasutram, a remake of a Hollywood movie Excuse Me. She was already being noted for her musical prowess and her lilting mellifluous voice although she did not undergo any orthodox classical training in music at that stage.
A chance came her way to sing for the successful Tamil film Gnanasoundari in 1948 for which music was composed by the then doyen of film music, S. V. Venkatraman. The song was the super hit "Arul Thaarum Deva Maathaavey Aadhiyey Inba Jothi" for Kumari Rajamani who acted as the young girl growing into the young woman, M. V. Rajamma the heroine taking over the song with P. A. Periyanayaki singing as the scene advanced in time. This was the turning point in her life and changed the child actress Krishnaveni into a regular playback singer, Jikki, with offers of work for not only Tamil and Telugu films, but also for Kannada and Malayalam films.
She met her husband to be, A. M. Rajah, in 1950 when he was introduced in the Tamil film Samsaram as a new playback singer by Gemini's S. S. Vasan. He then introduced her to the Hindi film world by getting her to sing for his production Mr.Sampath in 1952. P. B. Srinivas also sang his first song in this film in a chorus. She also sang Sinhalese songs as well at that stage since the Sinhalese films were produced in Madras during those years.
Together with P. Leela, she reigned supreme in the South Indian film world in the early part of the 1950s, till P.Susheela took over the center stage from late 1950s. Though they were in competition, they were fond of each other and behaved like two sisters and sang many songs together.
Music composers she sang for
Playback singers she sang with
She sang memorable duets with all of the leading male singers, mostly with A. M. Rajah and others such as T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan, Thiruchi Loganathan, Ghantasala, C. S. Jayaraman, P. B. Sreenivas, T. A. Mothi, S. C. Krishnan, V. N. Sundharam, A. L. Raghavan, R. B. Ramachandra, Pithapuram Nageswara Rao, M. Sathyam, M. S. Rama Rao, S. P. Balasubramaniam, K. J. Yesudas, Malaysia Vasudevan and Mano.
She also sang duets with female singers, most notably with P. Leela and others like P. A. Periyanayaki, M. L. Vasanthakumari, T. V. Rathinam, P. Suseela, A. P. Komala, Radha Jayalakshmi, Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi, K. Jamuna Rani, S. Janaki, A. G. Rathnamala, K. Rani and Vani Jairam.
She was married to the successful playback singer and music director A. M. Rajah. Their duets have been hits. Jikki sang many songs under her husband's direction that are still played by radio stations. A. M. Raja and Jikki have sung for life programmes in other countries such as U. S. A. , Malaysia and Singapore.
A mother of six children, Jikki lost her husband when he slipped and fell between the tracks while boarding a train. After his death she stopped singing for some time. She came out of retirement and sang for Ilaiyaraja. She also started a music troupe with her two sons and performed in many countries including the United States, Malaysia and Singapore.
Unlike many singers she was not always after money. Once when she sang five songs for a Tamil film, she asked the producer Valampuri Somanathan to reduce her remuneration because he had given her the opportunity to sing so many songs in a single movie, such was her dedication for singing.
She had been suffering from breast cancer and had surgery, but the cancer spread to her kidneys and eventually liver. Several attempts were made to save her life by her close friend and singer Jamuna Rani which were supported by donations through musical nights and medical and financial support from the governments of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
The then Tamil Nadu chief minister J.Jayalalitha and the Andhra Pradesh chief minister N. Chandrababu Naidu had granted Jikki 100,000 rupees from the Dr. MGR trust and 200,000 rupees respectively after hearing of her illness and her difficulty in meeting the treatment expenses.
She died on 16 August 2004 in Chennai.
Awards and honours
She was honoured with "Ugadi Puraskaram" by Madras Telugu Academy and Government of Tamil Nadu awarded her "Kalai Ma Mani".
Jikki sang in 98 Telugu and 71 Tamil films.
|Aadi Paadi Thinam Thedinalum Eesan(Kaadalagi Kasindu Kanneer Malgiye)||Kangal||1955||S. V. Venkatraman||Padmini||Tamil|
|Aadippaadi Vilanguka||Marumakal||1952||P. S. Diwakar||Abhayadev||Padmini||Malayalam|
|Aanandhame Ennaalum Kaanadha Aanandhame||Anarkali||1955||P. Adinarayana Rao||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|Aasai Nila Sendrathae||Maaman Magal||1955||S. V. Venkatraman||Savitri||Tamil|
|Aasai Pongum Azhagu Rubam||Aasai||1956||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Adi Kamachchiye Enthan Kanne||Samsaram||1951||Emani Sankara Sastry||A. M. Rajah||Tamil|
|Aathiye Inba Jothi||Gnaana Soundari||1948||S. V. Venkatraman||Kambadasan||M.V.Rajamani||P. A. Periyanayaki||Tamil|
|Ahaa—Kalai Thenoorum Kannithamizh||Illara Jothi||1954||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Azhagodaiyil Neendhum Ila annam||Kokilavaani||1956||G. Ramanathan||Kannadasan||Seerghazhi Govindarajan||Thambaram Lalitha||Tamil|
|Anbe Enthan Munnale||Aravalli||1957||G. Ramanathan||Kannadasan||A. M. Rajah||Mynavathi||Tamil|
|Anbe Vaa||Avan||1953||Shankar Jaikishan||Kambadhasan||A. M. Rajah||Nargis||Tamil|
|Andhaalu Chiddu Seemalo||Raja Nandini||1958||T. V. Raju||Ravuri Rangiah||A. M. Rajah||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Andhala Chinduthara||Shobha||1958||A. M .Rajah||A.M.Rajah||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Anpezhum Priya Thozhikale||Chandrka||1950||V. Dakshinamoorthy||Thumbaman Padmanabhan Kutty||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Aram Katha Theviye||Maheswari||1954||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Azhagu Nilavin Bavaniyile||Maheswari||1954||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Chinna Pennana Pothile||Aravalli||1957||G. Ramanathan||A. Maruthakaasi||A. M. Rajah||Mynavathi||Tamil|
|Chuthi Chuthi Machchane||Veera Amar Singh||1959||T. G. Lingappa||Kuyilan||A. M. Rajah||Tamil|
|Come Come Shankichu||Shaanthi Nivas||1962||Ghantasala||Abhayadev||K. J. Yesudas||Tamil|
|Devi Radhe||Shaanthi Nivas||1962||Ghantasala||Abhayadev||P. B. Srinivas||Tamil|
|Echi Pizhaikum Thozhile Saridhaanaa, ennipaarunga||Madurai Veeran||1956||G. Ramanathan||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||T. M. Soundararajan||Padmini||Tamil|
|Ellorum Koodi Aadi Paadi||Amara Deepam||1956||T. Chalapathi Rao||Athmanathan||Padmini||Tamil|
|En Avalthan ...||Manoratham||1953||A. M. Rajah||Tamil|
|Enendru Nee Sollu Thendralae||Maman Magal||1955||S. V. Venkatraman||Savitri||Tamil|
|Ennamellam Eedera( Ellorume Kaana Kalyaname)||Puthumai Pen||1964||T. G. Lingappa||A. M. Rajah||Rajasulochana||Tamil|
|Enna Enna Inbame Vaazvile Ennaazhum||Anbu||1953||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Ennum Pothile||Inspector||1953||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|En Sinthai Noyum||Kaveri||1955||G. Ramanathan||Udumali Narayana Kavi||Padmini||Tamil|
|Hare Muraare||Aathmaarpanam||1953||V. Dakshinamoorthy||Abhaya Dev||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Idigo Svarga Dvaram Tericharu Evaro||Akali||1952||P. S. Diwakar||Devulapalli Krishna Sastry||A. M. Rajah, P. Leela||Telugu|
|Inba Naalithe||Manohara||1956||S. V. Venkatraman||Tamil|
|Inbam Vanthu Seruma||Naan Petra Selvam||1956||G. Ramanathan||K.M.Sheriff||T. M. Soundararajan||G. Varalakshmi||Tamil|
|Inbame Pongume||Pommai Kalyanam||1953||K. V. Mahadevan||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||Jikki||Sivaji Ganesan||Tamil|
|Indru Namathullame||Thangappaumai||1956||Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy||Pattukotai Kalyanasunderam||T. M. Soundararajan||Sivaji Ganesan||Tamil|
|Inidhaai Naame||Kaalam Maari Pochu||1956||Master Venu||Tiruchy Loganathan||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|Iruilile Nilavoli Pol||Kumari||1952||K. V. Mahadevan||A. M. Rajah||Sriranjani||Tamil|
|Irumizhi Thannil||Aathmasakhi||1952||Brother Lakshmanan||Thirunayinaarkurichi Madhavan Nair||Malayalam|
|Isai Paadum Thendralodu||Vijayapuri Veeran||1960||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Tamil|
|Jaalilo Jimkaana||Amara Deepam||1956||T. Chalapathi Rao||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||Padmini||Tamil|
|Jeevithame Sapalamu||Anarkali||1960||P. Adinarayana Rao||Samudrala Raghavacharya||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Jigu jigu jigu.. jiyaalakkadi jiyaalo||Kaatavaraayan||1958||G. Ramanathan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||J. P. Chandrababu||Tamil|
|Kaanaga Raavaa||Chenchu Lakshmi||1958||S. Rajeswara Rao||Atreya||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Kaathal Vaazvil Naane||Edhir Paradhathu||1954||C. N. Pandurangan||K. S. Gopalakrishnan||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Kaayile Inippadhenna||Manamulla Marutharam||1958||K. V. Mahadevan||A. Maruthakaasi||A. M. Rajah||B. Saroja Devi||Tamil|
|Kada Kada Loda Loda Vandi||Samsaram||1951||Emani Sankara Sastry||Kothamangalam Subbu||A. M. Rajah||Vanaja||Tamil|
|Kadhaparayamo||Chathurangam||1957||L. P. R. Varma||P. Bhaskaran||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Kalise nelaraaju||Anarkali||1955||P. Adinarayana Rao||Samudrala Raghavacharya||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Kalangmilla Kathalile||Illara Jothi||1954||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Kalyaanam Aagumunne KayyaiTthodal Aagumaa||Pudhu Yugam||1954||G. Ramanathan||K. M. Sheriff||Ghantasala||Krishna Kumari||Tamil|
|Kanava Ninaiva||Puthumai Piththan||1957||G. Ramanathan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||B. S. Saroja||Tamil|
|Kan Kanathathum Manam Kandu Vidum||Avan||1953||Shankar Jaikishan||Kambadhasan||A. M. Rajah||Nargis||Tamil|
|Kanindha aliyodu||Anarkali||1955||P. Adinarayana Rao||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||Ghantasala||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|Kannalae Pesum||Gulebakaavali||1955||Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||G. Varalakshmi||Tamil|
|Kanneer Sindhadhe||Avan Amaran||1957||T.M. Ibrahim||Maruthakasi||Tamil|
|Kannil Thondrum Kaatchi Yaavum||Sugam Enge||1954||Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy||Kannadasan||Lalitha||Tamil|
|Kannil Vandhu Minnal Pol||Nadodi Mannan||1958||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram||T. M. Soundararajan||Lalitha||Tamil|
|Kannum kannum kalanthu||Vanjikkottai vaalibhan||1958||C.Ramachandra||Kothamangalam Subbu||Padmini||Tamil|
|Kaviya Kathal Vazhvil Oviyam Naane||Gomathiyin Kathalan||1955||G. Ramanathan||A. Maruthakaasi||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Koduththup Paar Paar Paar||Vidivelli||1960||A. M. Rajah||A. Maruthakaasi||A. M. Rajah & P. Susheela, Thiruchi Loganathan||Padmini Priyadharshini||Tamil|
|Kokara Kokarako Sevale||Pathi Pakthi||1958||Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy||Pattukkotai Kalyanasundaram||T. M. Soundararajan||M. N. Rajam||Tamil|
|Konjum Mozhi Pengalukke||Neelamalai Thirudan||1958||K. V. Mahadevan||A Maruthakasi||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|Koodu Sellum Paravaigalae||Kangal||1955||S. V. Venkatraman||Padmini||Tamil|
|Lahari Lahari||Bharya||1962||G. Devarajan||Vayalar||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Maanai Thedi||Nadodi Mannan||1958||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu||Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram||Tamil|
|Maanathe Ezhunilamaalikayil||Rebecca||1963||K. Raghavan||Vayalar||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Manassamatham Thannaatte||Bharya||1962||G. Devarajan||Vayalar||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Maname Nirantha Deivam Enaiye||Maheswari||1954||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Manchaadikkilimaina||Kaattuthulasi||1965||M.S. Baburaj||Vayalar||K. J. Yesudas||Malayalam|
|Mathanaa Ezhil Raja||Chella PiLLai||1955||R. Sudharsanam||Savitri||Tamil|
|Mayakkum Maalai||Gulebakaavali||1955||K. V. Mahadevan||Vindhan||A. M. Rajah||G. Varalakshmi||Tamil|
|Murali Ganam Ithe Than||santhanam||1955||Susarla Dakshinamurthi||Savitri||Tamil|
|Naan En Varavendum||Poongothai||1953||Adinarayana Rao||D.B.Ramachandran||AnjaliDevi||Tamil|
|Nadagamellam Kanden||Mathurai Veeran||1955||G. Ramanathan||T. M.Soundararajan||Padmini||Tamil|
|Nalla Thamilzh Vilakke||Ellorum Vaaza Vendum||1957||Rajan-Nagendra||Villiputhan||A. M. Rajah||Malini||Tamil|
|Nelanadimi Vennela Haayi||Jayasimha||1955||T. V. Raju||Samudrala Raghavacharya||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Nlvewaravo chiru nawulato||Prema Lekhalu||1953||Shankar Jaikishan||Aarudhra||A. M. Rajah||Nargis||Telugu|
|Oh Devadas||Devadas||1953||C. R. Subburaman||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||Ghantasala||Savithri||Tamil|
|Oru Kaattum Kaattalla||Avar Unarunnoo||1956||V. Dakshinamoorthy||Vayalar||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Oru Muraithaan Varum||Mangayar Thilakam||1956||Susarla Dakshinamurthi||Kannadasan||M. N. Rajam||Tamil|
|Pachchai Kili Paaduthu||Amara Deepam||1956||T. Chalapathi Raoi||Padmini||Tamil|
|Pattu Poochchi Polum||Aval Yar||1959||S. Rajeswara Rao||Vidwan V. Lakshmanan||A. M. Rajah||Sowcar Janki||Tamil|
|Pengalinaal||Manthiri Kumari||1950||G. Ramanathan||A. Marudhakasi||G.Sakunthala||Tamil|
|Pesum Yazhe Pen Mane||Naam||1953||C. S. Jayaraman||M. Karunanidhi||A. M. Rajah||V. N. Janaki||Tamil|
|Poomala Vittodiyirangiya||Achanum Makanum||1958||Vimal Kumar||P. Bhaskaran||A. M. Rajah||Malayalam|
|Prajakalundo Prajakalundo||Seetha||1958||V. Dakshinamoorthy||Abhayadev||A. M. Rajah, P. B. Srinivas, Punitha||Malayalam|
|Premada Preetiya Poojari||Bhaagyachakra||1956||A. M. Rajah||Kannada|
|Raaka Raaka Vachchadu||Ardhaangi||1954||S. Rajeswara Rao||Aarudhra||Telugu|
|Raaja Sekara||Anarkali||1955||P. Adinarayana Rao||Samudrala Raghavacharya||Ghantasala||Anjali Devi||Telugu|
|Rarada Madi Ninne||Prema Lekhalu||1953||Shankar Jaikishan||Aarudhra||A. M. Rajah||Nargis||Telugu|
|Rasi Nalla Rasi||Veetu Mapillai||1973||A. M. Rajah||1975||A. M. Rajah||Pramila||Tamil|
|Sen Thamaraiye||Puhuntha Veedu||1972||Sankar Ganesh||A. M. Rajah||Pushpalatha||Tamil|
|Solla Venuma||Vijayapuri Veeran||1959||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Hemalatha||Tamil|
|Thallithalli Oh Vellam||Vanamaala||1951||P. S. Diwaker||P Kunjikrishna Menon||Malayalam|
|Thanganilavil Kendai Irandum||Thirumanam||1957||S. M. Subbaiah Naidu & T. G. Lingappa||Pattukottai Kalyana Sundaram||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Thennale Nee Parayumo||Manthravaadi||1956||Brother Lakshmanan||Thirunayinaarkurichi Madhavan Nair||Kamukara Purushothaman||Malayalam|
|Thillaanaa Paattu Paadi||Puthumai Piththan||1957||G. Ramanathan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||J. P. Chandrababu||E. V. Saroja||Tamil|
|Thirai Potu Naame||Raja Rani||1954||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Ullam Irandum Ondru||Puthumai Piththan||1957||G. Ramanathan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||C. S. Jayaraman||B. S. Saroja||Tamil|
|Ulavum Thendral||Manthiri Kumari||1950||G. Ramanathan||A. Marudhakasi||Thiruchi Loganathan||G.Sakunthala||Tamil|
|Vanil Kaanum Nilave||Aasai||1956||T. R. Papa||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Vanil Nilavile||Jaminthaar||1956||G. Ramanathan||A. M. Rajah||Tamil|
|Vanthathu Vasantham||Edhir Paradhathu||1954||C. N. Pandurangan||A. M. Rajah||Padmini||Tamil|
|Varaai Nee Varaai||Manthiri Kumari||1950||G. Ramanathan||A. Marudhakasi||Thiruchi Loganathan||G.Sakunthala||Tamil|
|Vasamigum Malar Cholaiyile||Yaar Paiyan||1954||S. Dakshinamurthi||A.Maruthakasi||A. M. Rajah||Savithri||Tamil|
|Vrikindra Vennilaave||Balanagamma||1959||G. Ramanathan||Ghantasala||Anjali Devi||Tamil|
|Kanava Ninaiva||Puthumai Piththan||1957||G. Ramanathan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Doss||B. S. Saroja||Tamil|
|Janavule Nerajanavule||Aditya 369||1991||Illayaraja||Veturi Sundaramamurthy||SPB, S P Sailaja||Silk Smitha, Balakrishna||Telugu|
|Alanati Ramachandrudu||Murari||2001||Mani Sharma||Sirivennela||Suneetha, Sandhya||Telugu|
- "Chennai Online". ChennaiOnline.com. 27 March 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- "P G Krishnaveni (Jikki)". chioka.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- Guy, Randor (20 August 2004). "Her tantalising voice will live forever ...". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "P. Leela, 'Forgotten' Singer ..". dbsjeyaraj.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- "Her tantalising voice will live forever ...". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 November 2013.