Jean Fourastié

Jean Fourastié
Nationality French
Fields Economy - Sociology
Alma mater École Centrale Paris - École Libre des Sciences Politiques
Notable awards Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit

Jean Fourastié (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ fuʁastje]; 1 April 1907 in Saint-Benin-d'Azy, Nièvre - 25 July 1990 in Douelle, Lot) was a French economist,[1] notable for having coined the expression Trente Glorieuses ("the glorious thirty [years]") to describe the period of prosperity that France experienced from the end of World War II until the 1973 oil crisis (1945-1973).[2][3][4]


Fourastié received his elementary and secondary education at the private Catholic College of Juilly from 1914 to 1925. In 1930, he graduated from the prestigious École Centrale Paris, and in 1933 received a degree from the École Libre des Sciences Politiques. In 1936, he received a doctor of law degree. Following his studies, he entered the civil service as a tax official until 1951.

In 1941, he headed the insurance program at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM).

Following the war, he began his career as an economic advisor, with a strong liberal, pro-European stance, while at the same time becoming one of the most recognized academic experts on industrial society.

Government advisor

In 1945, Jean Monnetoften regarded as the father of the European Unionasked Fourastié to serve as an economic advisor on the Commissariat général du Plan, a body of domestic policy experts under the authority of the Prime Minister of France. He served four terms as president of the workforce modernization commission, and in 1961 he was chosen as a member of the "1985 working group" of the commissariat.

European and international expert

Fourastié was recruited in 1948 as vice president of the scientific and technical committee of the European Economic Cooperation Organization (predecessor of the OECD). From 1954 to 1957, he led the European Coal and Steel Community's study group on the conditions and effects of technical progress in the steel industry. In 1957 he was appointed as a United Nations expert for the Mexican government and to the economic commission for Latin America.

Academic career

Fournastié was a professor at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris until his retirement in 1978. He became professor (Directeur d'études) at the VIth section of the École Pratique des Hautes Études (later EHESS) [5] in 1951, and from 1960 he held the chair of Economics and Industrial Statistics at CNAM.


In 1966, Fourastié became an editor of Le Figaro and until 1968 he presented the monthly program "Quart d'heure" ("quarter hour") on French television.

In 1968, he was elected to the French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, and became its president in 1978. In 1981, he was named president of the central administrative commission of the French Institute.[6]

Principal areas of research

Main article: Trente Glorieuses


See also

Notes and references

The information on this page is partially translated from the equivalent page in French fr:Jean Fourastié licensed under the Creative Commons/Attribution Sharealike . History of contributions can be checked here:

External links

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