Heinrich Göppert

Heinrich Göppert

 Johann Heinrich Robert Göppert  (25 July 1800 – 18 May 1884) was a German botanist and paleontologist.

He was born in Sprottau, Lower Silesia, and died at Breslau. In 1831 he became a professor of botany, as well as curator of the botanical gardens in Breslau. In 1852 he became director of the botanical gardens.

He is particularly known for his work in paleobotany, being the author of many articles in this field. Göppert performed extensive research on the formation of coal and amber, and also conducted comparison studies between existing and fossil flora. In 1840, he demonstrated existence of plant cells in microscopic preparations of hard coal, which concluded a long-lasting debate on the origin of coal.[1] His private collection of specimens of fossil flora was considered the finest in the world.[2]

He was the father of a notable lawyer, Heinrich Robert Göppert, and great-grandfather of Maria Goeppert-Mayer (Nobel Prize in physics, 1963).

In 1861 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[3]

Selected writings


  1. Mirosław Syniawa, "Biograficzny słownik przyrodników śląskich." (Bibliographical dictionary of Silesian natural scientists), Volume 1. Centrum Dziedzictwa Przyrody Górnego Śląska, Katowice, 2006.
  2.  Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Göppert, Heinrich Robert". The American Cyclopædia.
  3. "J.H.R. Göppert (1800 - 1884)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  4. IPNI.  Göpp.

External links

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