Phyllostachys nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Arundinarieae
Genus: Phyllostachys
Siebold & Zucc.

Sinoarundinaria Ohwi

Phyllostachys (/ˌfɪlˈstæks, -lə-, -ˈst-/[2][3]) is a genus of Asian bamboo in the grass family.[4][5][6] Many of the species are found in Central and southern China, with a few species in northern Indochina and in the Himalayas. Some of the species have become naturalized in parts of Asia, Australia, the Americas, and southern Europe.[7]

The stem or culm has a prominent groove, called a sulcus, that runs along the length of each segment (or internode). Because of this it is one of the most easily identifiable genera of bamboo. Most of the species spread aggressively by underground rhizomes.[7]

Some species of Phyllostachys grow to 100 feet (30 m) tall in optimum conditions. Some of the larger species, sometimes known as "timber bamboo", are used as construction timber and for making furniture.[7]

The name Phyllostachys means "leaf spike" and refers to the inflorescences.[8]

Some of the smaller species can be grown as bonsai.

  1. Phyllostachys acuta
  2. Phyllostachys angusta
  3. Phyllostachys arcana
  4. Phyllostachys atrovaginata
  5. Phyllostachys aurea
  6. Phyllostachys aureosulcata
  7. Phyllostachys bambusoides
  8. Phyllostachys bissetii
  9. Phyllostachys carnea
  10. Phyllostachys circumpilis
  11. Phyllostachys dulcis
  12. Phyllostachys edulis
  13. Phyllostachys elegans
  14. Phyllostachys fimbriligula
  15. Phyllostachys flexuosa
  16. Phyllostachys glabrata
  17. Phyllostachys glauca
  18. Phyllostachys guizhouensis
  19. Phyllostachys heteroclada
  20. Phyllostachys incarnata
  21. Phyllostachys iridescens
  22. Phyllostachys kwangsiensis
  23. Phyllostachys lofushanensis
  24. Phyllostachys mannii
  25. Phyllostachys meyeri
  26. Phyllostachys nidularia
  27. Phyllostachys nigella
  28. Phyllostachys nigra
  29. Phyllostachys nuda
  30. Phyllostachys parvifolia
  31. Phyllostachys platyglossa
  32. Phyllostachys prominens
  33. Phyllostachys propinqua
  34. Phyllostachys rivalis
  35. Phyllostachys robustiramea
  36. Phyllostachys rubicunda
  37. Phyllostachys rubromarginata
  38. Phyllostachys rutila
  39. Phyllostachys shuchengensis
  40. Phyllostachys stimulosa
  41. Phyllostachys sulphurea
  42. Phyllostachys tianmuensis
  43. Phyllostachys varioauriculata
  44. Phyllostachys veitchiana
  45. Phyllostachys verrucosa
  46. Phyllostachys violascens
  47. Phyllostachys virella
  48. Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens
  49. Phyllostachys vivax
formerly included[1]

species now considered better suited to other genera: Bambusa Chimonobambusa Pseudosasa Semiarundinaria Shibataea


Fungi and pathogens growing specifically on Phyllostachys have phyllostachydis or phyllostachydicola species epithets.


Connecticut property owners are liable for the cost of removing Phyllostachys bamboo that grows onto neighboring property, any resulting damages, and fines of $100 per day for growing Phyllostachys bamboo near an adjoining property or public way without an effective barrier system. [10]

New York state has proposed regulations listing Phyllostachys aurea and Phyllostachys aureosulcata as prohibited invasive species. [11] [12]


Media related to Phyllostachys at Wikimedia Commons

Wikispecies has information related to: Phyllostachys

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/28/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.