Gaelic football, hurling and camogie positions
The following are the positions in the Gaelic sports of Gaelic football, hurling and camogie. Like rugby and baseball, and unlike association football (soccer), these have set positions which haven't changed in decades. In most cases, each player sticks firmly to his position, although players sometimes switch positions at the order of their coach, manager or captain.
Each team consists of one goalkeeper (who wears a different colour jersey), six backs, two mid fielders, and six forwards: fifteen players in all. Some under-age games are played 13-a-side (in which case the full back and full forward positions are removed) or 11-a-side (in which case the full back, centre back, centre forward and full forward positions are removed).
The positions are listed below, with the jersey number usually worn by players in that position given.
|No.||Position||Alternate name(s)||Irish language|
|1||Goalkeeper||Goalie, Keeper||Cúl Báire|
|2||Right corner back||Right full back||Lánchúlaí deas|
|3||Full back||Lánchúlaí láir|
|4||Left corner back||Left full back||Lánchúlaí clé|
|5||Right half back||Right wing back||Leathchúlaí deas|
|6||Centre half back||Centre back||Leathchúlaí láir|
|7||Left half back||Left wing back||Leathchúlaí clé|
|8||Midfielders||Centre-field||Lár na páirce|
|10||Right half forward||Right wing forward||Leatosaí deas|
|11||Centre half forward||Centre forward||Leatosaí láir|
|12||Left half forward||Left wing forward||Leatosaí clé|
|13||Right corner forward||Right full forward||Lántosaí deas|
|14||Full forward||Lántosaí láir|
|15||Left corner forward||Left full forward||Lántosaí clé|
|16+||Substitutes||Subs||Fir ionad / Mná ionad|
The role of a goalkeeper who wears the number 1 jersey in Gaelic games is similar to other codes; to prevent the ball from entering the goal. The goalkeeper in Gaelic football and hurling also usually has the role of kicking or pucking the ball out to the outfield players. A good goalkeeper most often has great agility and bravery as well as strength and height. In Gaelic football a keeper's shot stopping ability is of great importance. There is no limit to where on the field the goalkeeper can travel, although once they are outside of the penalty area, they are subject to the same rules as all other players. A goalkeeper in men's football may touch the ball on the ground within his own penalty area, and is the only player permitted to do so.
It is not permitted to physically challenge a goalkeeper while inside his own small parallelogram, but players may harass him into playing a bad pass, or block an attempted pass. The substitute goalkeeper usually wears the number 16 jersey and the third choice goalkeeper usually wears the number 31 jersey.
Right and Left Corner Back
The role of the right and left Corner Back who, respectively, wear the number 2 and number 4 jerseys, is to defend against opposing attackers – in particular the left and right corner forwards. They will play most around the 20-metre line. The positions require the players having decent speed over short bursts and good hand eye co-ordination. Endurance and strength are unnecessary, although agility is required.
The role of full back who wears the number 3 jersey is one of the most important in Gaelic football or hurling. As well as defending against attackers, the Full Back is responsible for organising the defence and is the key defender in front of goals, and is usually one of the tallest and strongest players on the team. The full back plays most often around the 20-metre line. The position of the full back requires that the player have decent speed over short bursts, strength, and good hand eye co-ordination. In playing either cornerback or full back positions a well-developed aerobic system is required although, unlike the corner backs, the full back is needed to make short burst sprints both away from and into the goal area.
Right and Left Half Backs
The role of the half backs who wear the 5 (right) and 7 (left) jerseys is less defensive than that of the corner backs. The half backs operate most often in between the 45-metre line and the midfield. The half backs are expected to defend against the opposition's half forward line but also has a responsibility to make runs from the 45-metre line to advance the play to the half forward and full forward lines.
Sometimes referred to as right/left wing back.
Centre Half Back
The role of the centre half back who wears the number 6 jersey, is less defensive than that of the full back. The centre backs operates from the 45-metre line and forward to the midfield. The centre back will help win the breaking ball in the midfield and can be used as a third midfielder. The centre half back generally marks the centre half forward. Sometimes referred to as centre back. The required agilities of a centre half back are strength, height, speed and a good catching game.
The role of the midfield who wears the number 8 or 9 jersey is to catch kick outs / puck outs from either team's goalkeeper, and to act as the main link between the defending and attacking sections of the team. Midfield is often described as the most important role on the pitch.
If the opposing goalkeeper is kicking the ball to the middle of the field, the midfielder has the responsibility to retrieve the ball and therefore prevent the opposing team from taking advantage and bringing the ball forward.This then gives a new responsibility to the midfielder to get the ball moving forward to the half forward and full forward lines. The position requires the player to have strength, height, speed, good catching ability, a good kicking game and, most importantly, endurance.
It is important for the midfield to have a good understanding of their goalkeeper. They must anticipate where their goalkeeper will place the ball and therefore take advantage and bring the ball forward.
Note that there is rarely a "left midfielder" and "right midfielder" – both play 'off' each other as a combined unit.
If one midfielder is attacking,the other always goes up the field with him in support. Both midfielders always attack or defend at the same time.
Right and Left Half Forwards
The role of the right and left half forward who wear, respectively, numbers 10 and number 12 jerseys is to build up attacks and to feed the ball to the full forward line and also taking shots on goal or above the bar when opportunities present themselves. The half forwards will cover a lot of ground and utilising speedy half forwards to run at defences is a common tactic. They operate from the midfield to the opposition's 45 meter line. The right half forward's main opposing player is the left half back and vice versa.
Sometimes referred to as right/left wing forward.
Centre Half Forward
The role of the centre half forward who wears the number 11 jersey, is to build up attacks and feed the ball to the full forward line. The centre half forward is responsible for taking shots on goal and points when opportunities present themselves. The centre forward will cover a lot of ground and utilising speedy half forwards to run at defences is a common tactic. The centre forward also helps win breaking ball in the midfield, helping to win the possession to bring the ball forward. The centre forward operates from the midfield to the opposition's 45-metre line.
Sometimes referred to as centre forward.
Right Corner Forward
The role of the right corner forward who wears the number 13 jersey is to score points and goals. The full forward line operates around the opposition's 21-metre line. The right corner forward is generally marked by the left corner back.
The role of the full forward who wears the number 14 jersey is to score goals in particular although points are usually the outcome of their attempts on goal. The full forward line operates around the opposition's 21-metre line. The full forward is generally marked by the full back.Or known as the 'Bear on the Square or Fox in the Box'
It is common for teams to employ a tall full forward to pluck high balls from the sky and to challenge the size and strength of the full back.
Left Corner Forward
The role of the left corner forward who wears the number 15 jersey is to watch the full forward's breaks and to score as many points and goals as possible. The full forward line operates around the opposition's 21-metre line. The left corner forward is generally marked by the right corner back, and usually prefers to kick with the right foot.
Substitutes wear jersey numbers 16 upwards (usually up to 31). 16 is usually worn by the substitute goalkeeper, and the third choice goalkeeper usually wears the number 31 jersey.