Facing (sewing)

In sewing and tailoring, facing is a small piece of fabric, separate or a part of the fabric itself, used to finish the fabric edges. Facing makes your garment look professionally finished with the seams well hidden inside the folds of the facing. Facing is mostly used to finish the edges in necklines, armholes, hems and openings.They are also used widely in all other sewing like quilts and home decor items like curtain hems.

There are basically three types of facing. 1. Shaped facing 2. Extended facing 3. Bias facing[1]

Shaped facings are cut to match the outside shape of the piece to provide a neat finish, and are often cut from the same pattern pieces. Shaped facings are typically made of the same fabric as the garment, but may also be made of lighter-weight fabric or in a contrasting color as a design element. Extended facings are extensions of the garment fabric, folded back and usually stabilized. Bias facings are strips of lightweight fabric cut on the true bias (US) or cross-grain (UK), and shaped rather than cut to match the edge to which they are applied.[2][3]

Shaped facing

After sewing the facing, you have to under stitch. Under stitching refers to stitching close to the seam line, catching hold of the facing and the seam allowance. This is done so that the facing lies inside the garment without rolling to the outside. Facing is also used as a decoration by applying it from the inside and turning it to the outside of a garment, along with embroidering and other embellishments on it. An all-in-one facing is used to finish the armhole and neckline of a garment together, all at once. Interfacing, grading and clipping the seams are all terms closely associated with facing.


  1. "4 {BEST} ways to make a FACING pattern and sew it. - Sew Guide". Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  2. Picken (1957), p. 121
  3. Shaeffer (2007), pp. 72-73.


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