Elend, Saxony-Anhalt

Stadtteil of Oberharz am Brocken

Coordinates: 51°44′41″N 10°41′10″E / 51.74472°N 10.68611°E / 51.74472; 10.68611Coordinates: 51°44′41″N 10°41′10″E / 51.74472°N 10.68611°E / 51.74472; 10.68611
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Harz
Town Oberharz am Brocken
  Total 27.39 km2 (10.58 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)
  Total 409
  Density 15/km2 (39/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38875
Dialling codes 039455
Vehicle registration HZ
Website www.elend-harz.de
Monument of the Division of Germany and Reunification on the Inner German Border immediately next to the B 27 federal road between Elend and Braunlage

Elend is a district of the town of Oberharz am Brocken in the Harz District, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It lies in the Bode valley in the High Harz in central Germany, at a height of 505 m above NN. This part of the valley is known locally as Elendstal. Elend is located near the former Inner German Border between West and East Germany.


About 3 kilometres west of the village is the nature reserve of Kramershai.


Precipitation diagram
The annual precipitation in Elend is 1,116 mm which is in the upper third of the values recorded by the weather stations of the German Meteorological Office. Over 90% have lower values. The driest month is September; the wettest is December, when about 2.1 times as much rain falls as in the driest month. The average annual variations in precipitation lie in the upper third. In over 91% of all locations the monthly precipitation varies less than in Elend.


1912 map of the region between Schierke and Elend
View of Elend
Woodland open-air pool in Elend in 1955
Station on the Harz Railway
Smallest wooden church in Germany

Walther Grosse mentions fields under the Elend Road (unter dem elendischen Wege) for the first time in a manuscript of field names in the Amt of Elbingerode for 1483. In a Vogtei account for the Amt of Elbingerode (Harz) dated 1506/07 there is an entry which states: "Income from the sawmill at Elend in the Forest XII March" (Innome von der Sagemoln zum Elende deß Forst XII Mar[k]).[1] There are a lot of indications that this sawmill had existed for some time before that.

On 1 January 2010, the municipality of Elend merged with the municipalities of Sorge, Stiege and Tanne, as well as the towns of Elbingerode (Harz), Hasselfelde and Benneckenstein (Harz), forming the town Oberharz am Brocken.


Not far from Elend is the Helenenruh, a rocky ridge with outstanding views, which is checkpoint no. 21 in the Harzer Wandernadel hiking network.

Notable people


  1. Landeshauptarchiv Sachsen-Anhalt, Abteilung Magdeburg, Rep. H Stolberg-Wernigerode, H.A. A 33 Fach 1-5 No. 2, Sheet 12r


Media related to Elend (Harz) at Wikimedia Commons

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